Heart involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Rosario Scaglione, Giuseppe Licata, Salvatore Corrao, Giuseppe Licata, Silvia Messina, Giovanni Pistone, Giovanni Pistone, Salvatore Corrao, Giuseppe Licata, Rosario Scaglione, Luigi Calvo

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

45 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:The aim of our study was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis of the current case-control studies about the valvular and pericardial involvement in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), asymptomatic for cardiovascular diseases.METHODS:Case-control studies were identified by searching PubMed (1975-2010) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (1975-2010). Participants were adult patients with RA asymptomatic for cardiovascular diseases, and the outcome measure was the presence of cardiac involvement.RESULTS:Quantitative synthesis included 10 relevant studies out of 2326 bibliographic citations that had been found. RA resulted significantly associated to pericardial effusion (OR 10.7; 95% CI 5.0-23.0), valvular nodules (OR 12.5; 95% CI 2.8-55.4), tricuspidal valve insufficiency (OR 5.3; 95% CI 2.4-11.6), aortic valve stenosis (OR 5.2; 95% CI 1.1-24.1), mitral valve insufficiency (OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.7-6.7), aortic valve insufficiency (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.0-2.7), combined valvular alterations (OR 4.3; 95% CI 2.3-8.0), mitral valve thickening and/or calcification (OR 5.0; 95% CI 2.0-12.7), aortic valve thickening and/or calcification (OR 4.4; 95% CI 1.1-17.4), valvular thickening and/or calcification (OR 4.8; 95% CI 2.2-10.5), and mitral valve prolapse (OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.2-4.0).CONCLUSIONS:Our systematic review pointed out the strength and the grade of both pericardial and cardiac valvular involvement in RA patients. Our findings underscore the importance of an echocardiographic assessment at least in clinical research when RA patients are involved. Moreover, further research is needed to understand the possible relationship of our findings and the increased cardiovascular mortality.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2031-2038
Numero di pagine8
RivistaINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
Volume167
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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