Health related quality of life and physical activity in prison: A multicenter observational study in Italy

Alberto Firenze, Omar Enzo Santangelo, Daniele Masala, Alice Mannocci, Giovanni Boccia, Daniele Mipatrini, Valeria D'Egidio, Jenny Rizzo, Sara Meggiolaro, Giuseppe La Torre, Paolo Villari

Risultato della ricerca: Article

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Inmates have a poorer health status than the general population. The physical activity is well know that improve the wellness of the people. This multicentric cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between Quality of Life (QoL) and physical activity levels among Italian prisoners. Methods Inmates from eight prisons compiled a questionnaire. The Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) was used to measure inmates' weekly physical activity levels (MATwk). Their QoL was measured using two components of Short Form with 12 items (SF12): MCS (mental score) and PCS (physical score). Results A total of 636 questionnaires were compiled. High level of MET was significantly (P <0.05) associated with both PCS (OR = 1.02) and MCS (OR = 1.03). The correlations between PCS, MCS vs. METwk scores were respectively significant: r = 0.17 and r = 0.10, P <0.05. The number of years of detention was associated to higher MET (OR = 1.04 P <0.05). The presence of Physical Exercise Areas (PEAs) within Jails did not improve the QoL level. Conclusions Jails may not seem like the ideal place to fight sedentary behavior, but, in any case, health promotion can occur within its walls. The heterogeneity of Italian jails, and particularly relative PEAs therein (areas had different characteristics between jails), suggests that such spaces should be regulated or well defined. Furthermore, the implement of training schedules could be done in a standardized way. Despite this heterogeneity both the physical and mental components of inmates' quality of life were associated to a high level of physical activity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)570-576
Numero di pagine7
RivistaEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume28
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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Prisons
Italy
Multicenter Studies
Observational Studies
Quality of Life
Metabolic Equivalent
Exercise
Prisoners
Health Promotion
Health Status
Appointments and Schedules
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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Health related quality of life and physical activity in prison: A multicenter observational study in Italy. / Firenze, Alberto; Santangelo, Omar Enzo; Masala, Daniele; Mannocci, Alice; Boccia, Giovanni; Mipatrini, Daniele; D'Egidio, Valeria; Rizzo, Jenny; Meggiolaro, Sara; La Torre, Giuseppe; Villari, Paolo.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 28, 2018, pag. 570-576.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Firenze, A, Santangelo, OE, Masala, D, Mannocci, A, Boccia, G, Mipatrini, D, D'Egidio, V, Rizzo, J, Meggiolaro, S, La Torre, G & Villari, P 2018, 'Health related quality of life and physical activity in prison: A multicenter observational study in Italy', European Journal of Public Health, vol. 28, pagg. 570-576.
Firenze, Alberto ; Santangelo, Omar Enzo ; Masala, Daniele ; Mannocci, Alice ; Boccia, Giovanni ; Mipatrini, Daniele ; D'Egidio, Valeria ; Rizzo, Jenny ; Meggiolaro, Sara ; La Torre, Giuseppe ; Villari, Paolo. / Health related quality of life and physical activity in prison: A multicenter observational study in Italy. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 28. pagg. 570-576.
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abstract = "Background Inmates have a poorer health status than the general population. The physical activity is well know that improve the wellness of the people. This multicentric cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between Quality of Life (QoL) and physical activity levels among Italian prisoners. Methods Inmates from eight prisons compiled a questionnaire. The Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) was used to measure inmates' weekly physical activity levels (MATwk). Their QoL was measured using two components of Short Form with 12 items (SF12): MCS (mental score) and PCS (physical score). Results A total of 636 questionnaires were compiled. High level of MET was significantly (P <0.05) associated with both PCS (OR = 1.02) and MCS (OR = 1.03). The correlations between PCS, MCS vs. METwk scores were respectively significant: r = 0.17 and r = 0.10, P <0.05. The number of years of detention was associated to higher MET (OR = 1.04 P <0.05). The presence of Physical Exercise Areas (PEAs) within Jails did not improve the QoL level. Conclusions Jails may not seem like the ideal place to fight sedentary behavior, but, in any case, health promotion can occur within its walls. The heterogeneity of Italian jails, and particularly relative PEAs therein (areas had different characteristics between jails), suggests that such spaces should be regulated or well defined. Furthermore, the implement of training schedules could be done in a standardized way. Despite this heterogeneity both the physical and mental components of inmates' quality of life were associated to a high level of physical activity.",
author = "Alberto Firenze and Santangelo, {Omar Enzo} and Daniele Masala and Alice Mannocci and Giovanni Boccia and Daniele Mipatrini and Valeria D'Egidio and Jenny Rizzo and Sara Meggiolaro and {La Torre}, Giuseppe and Paolo Villari",
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AU - Firenze, Alberto

AU - Santangelo, Omar Enzo

AU - Masala, Daniele

AU - Mannocci, Alice

AU - Boccia, Giovanni

AU - Mipatrini, Daniele

AU - D'Egidio, Valeria

AU - Rizzo, Jenny

AU - Meggiolaro, Sara

AU - La Torre, Giuseppe

AU - Villari, Paolo

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background Inmates have a poorer health status than the general population. The physical activity is well know that improve the wellness of the people. This multicentric cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between Quality of Life (QoL) and physical activity levels among Italian prisoners. Methods Inmates from eight prisons compiled a questionnaire. The Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) was used to measure inmates' weekly physical activity levels (MATwk). Their QoL was measured using two components of Short Form with 12 items (SF12): MCS (mental score) and PCS (physical score). Results A total of 636 questionnaires were compiled. High level of MET was significantly (P <0.05) associated with both PCS (OR = 1.02) and MCS (OR = 1.03). The correlations between PCS, MCS vs. METwk scores were respectively significant: r = 0.17 and r = 0.10, P <0.05. The number of years of detention was associated to higher MET (OR = 1.04 P <0.05). The presence of Physical Exercise Areas (PEAs) within Jails did not improve the QoL level. Conclusions Jails may not seem like the ideal place to fight sedentary behavior, but, in any case, health promotion can occur within its walls. The heterogeneity of Italian jails, and particularly relative PEAs therein (areas had different characteristics between jails), suggests that such spaces should be regulated or well defined. Furthermore, the implement of training schedules could be done in a standardized way. Despite this heterogeneity both the physical and mental components of inmates' quality of life were associated to a high level of physical activity.

AB - Background Inmates have a poorer health status than the general population. The physical activity is well know that improve the wellness of the people. This multicentric cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between Quality of Life (QoL) and physical activity levels among Italian prisoners. Methods Inmates from eight prisons compiled a questionnaire. The Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) was used to measure inmates' weekly physical activity levels (MATwk). Their QoL was measured using two components of Short Form with 12 items (SF12): MCS (mental score) and PCS (physical score). Results A total of 636 questionnaires were compiled. High level of MET was significantly (P <0.05) associated with both PCS (OR = 1.02) and MCS (OR = 1.03). The correlations between PCS, MCS vs. METwk scores were respectively significant: r = 0.17 and r = 0.10, P <0.05. The number of years of detention was associated to higher MET (OR = 1.04 P <0.05). The presence of Physical Exercise Areas (PEAs) within Jails did not improve the QoL level. Conclusions Jails may not seem like the ideal place to fight sedentary behavior, but, in any case, health promotion can occur within its walls. The heterogeneity of Italian jails, and particularly relative PEAs therein (areas had different characteristics between jails), suggests that such spaces should be regulated or well defined. Furthermore, the implement of training schedules could be done in a standardized way. Despite this heterogeneity both the physical and mental components of inmates' quality of life were associated to a high level of physical activity.

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M3 - Article

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JO - European Journal of Public Health

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