Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume depletion syndrome is due to leakage of cerebrospinal fluid through lesions of the dural sac at the level of the cranial base or of the spine. When past medical history is negative for recent trauma or surgery, the term spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is used. SIH is characterized clinically by orthostatic headache, neck pain, nausea, emesis, horizontal diplopia, tinnitus, plugged ear, hearing difficulties, blurring of vision, facial numbness, and upper limb radicular symptoms. In SIH, brain and cervical MR scans show a diffuse pachymeningeal gadolinium enhancement that ends at the site of CSF leakage. The application of epidural blood patches has been proposed as an effective therapy for SIH. Here we describe a case of SIH with very unusual headache features; the patient reported a paradoxical pattern of postural headache provoked by clinostatic position. The CSF leakage was identified at the convexity of the skull and headache disappeared following treatment with fluid, analgesics and steroids.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology