Halloysite nanotubes: Controlled access and release by smart gates

Stefana Milioto, Giuseppe Lazzara, Filippo Parisi, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Rawil F. Fakhrullin, Vladimir G. Evtugyn, Anna A. Danilushkina, Elvira V. Rozhina

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Hollow halloysite nanotubes have been used as nanocontainers for loading and for the triggered release of calcium hydroxide for paper preservation. A strategy for placing end-stoppers into the tubular nanocontainer is proposed and the sustained release from the cavity is reported. The incorporation of Ca(OH)2 into the nanotube lumen, as demonstrated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) mapping, retards the carbonatation, delaying the reaction with CO2 gas. This effect can be further controlled by placing the end-stoppers. The obtained material is tested for paper deacidification. We prove that adding halloysite filled with Ca(OH)2 to paper can reduce the impact of acid exposure on both the mechanical performance and pH alteration. The end-stoppers have a double effect: they preserve the calcium hydroxide from carbonation, and they prevent from the formation of highly basic pH and trigger the response to acid exposure minimizing the pH drop-down. These features are promising for a composite nanoadditive in the smart protection of cellulose-based materials. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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Milioto, S., Lazzara, G., Parisi, F., Cavallaro, G., Fakhrullin, R. F., Evtugyn, V. G., Danilushkina, A. A., & Rozhina, E. V. (2017). Halloysite nanotubes: Controlled access and release by smart gates. Nanomaterials, 7.