Clinical guidelines are a potential tool for improving the effectiveness and qualityof healthcare, decreasing variability in clinical practice, and preventing adverse events. In thepurview of Law no. 24/2017, adherence to national guidelines can lead to a reduction inmedical malpractice claims and the practice of so-called “defensive medicine”. The law hasassigned a central role to the guidelines, establishing the National Institute of Health throughthe new Italian National Center for Clinical Excellence, Quality, and Security (CNEC) as themethodological guarantor in the process of national guideline development. Here we discussthe issue of professional liability as recently outlined by the Gelli-Bianco Law (no. 24/2017),taking into account the clinical significance and medicolegal value of the guidelines.
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