Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate if guanine-based purines may affect the gastric motor function in mouse. Thus, the influence of guanosine on the gastric emptying rate in vivo was determined and its effects on spontaneous gastric mechanical activity, detected as changes of the intraluminal pressure, were analyzed in vitro before and after different treatments. Gastric gavage of guanosine (1.75-10 mg/kg) delayed the gastric emptying. Guanosine (30 μM-1 mM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated stomach, which was not affected by the inhibition of the purine nucleoside phosphorylase enzyme by 4'-deaza-1'-aza-2'-deoxy-1'-(9-methylene)-immucillin-H. The inhibitory response was antagonized by S-(4-nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine, a membrane nucleoside transporter inhibitor, but not affected by 9-chloro-2-(2-furanyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-amine, a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist, or by tetrodotoxin, a blocker of neuronal voltage-dependent Na(+) channels. Moreover, guanosine-induced effects persisted in the presence of 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase or tetraethylammonium, a nonselective potassium channel blocker, but they were progressively reduced by increasing concentrations of 2'5'dideoxyadenosine, an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Lastly, the levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), measured by ELISA, in gastric full thickness preparations were increased by guanosine. In conclusion, our data indicate that, in mouse, guanosine is able to modulate negatively the gastric motor function, reducing gastric emptying and inducing muscular relaxation. The latter is dependent by its cellular uptake and involves adenylyl cyclase activation and increase in cAMP intracellular levels, while it is independent on neural action potentials, adenosine receptors, and K(+) channel activation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)655-661
Numero di pagine7
RivistaPurinergic Signalling
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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Guanosine
Stomach
Gastric Emptying
Cyclic AMP
Dideoxyadenosine
Nucleoside Transport Proteins
Potassium Channel Blockers
Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase
Purinergic P1 Receptor Antagonists
Purines
Purinergic P1 Receptors
Tetraethylammonium
Membrane Transport Proteins
Tetrodotoxin
Guanine
Adenylyl Cyclases
Action Potentials
Amines
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

Cita questo

@article{834b4c2733b24d75a775a4f08321370c,
title = "Guanosine negatively modulates the gastric motor function in mouse.",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to evaluate if guanine-based purines may affect the gastric motor function in mouse. Thus, the influence of guanosine on the gastric emptying rate in vivo was determined and its effects on spontaneous gastric mechanical activity, detected as changes of the intraluminal pressure, were analyzed in vitro before and after different treatments. Gastric gavage of guanosine (1.75-10 mg/kg) delayed the gastric emptying. Guanosine (30 μM-1 mM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated stomach, which was not affected by the inhibition of the purine nucleoside phosphorylase enzyme by 4'-deaza-1'-aza-2'-deoxy-1'-(9-methylene)-immucillin-H. The inhibitory response was antagonized by S-(4-nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine, a membrane nucleoside transporter inhibitor, but not affected by 9-chloro-2-(2-furanyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-amine, a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist, or by tetrodotoxin, a blocker of neuronal voltage-dependent Na(+) channels. Moreover, guanosine-induced effects persisted in the presence of 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase or tetraethylammonium, a nonselective potassium channel blocker, but they were progressively reduced by increasing concentrations of 2'5'dideoxyadenosine, an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Lastly, the levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), measured by ELISA, in gastric full thickness preparations were increased by guanosine. In conclusion, our data indicate that, in mouse, guanosine is able to modulate negatively the gastric motor function, reducing gastric emptying and inducing muscular relaxation. The latter is dependent by its cellular uptake and involves adenylyl cyclase activation and increase in cAMP intracellular levels, while it is independent on neural action potentials, adenosine receptors, and K(+) channel activation.",
author = "Serio, {Rosa Maria} and Natale Belluardo and Zizzo, {Maria Grazia} and Antonella Amato and Giuseppa Mudo' and Francesca Maiorana and Flavia Mule'",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "655--661",
journal = "Purinergic Signalling",
issn = "1573-9538",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Guanosine negatively modulates the gastric motor function in mouse.

AU - Serio, Rosa Maria

AU - Belluardo, Natale

AU - Zizzo, Maria Grazia

AU - Amato, Antonella

AU - Mudo', Giuseppa

AU - Maiorana, Francesca

AU - Mule', Flavia

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The aim of the present study was to evaluate if guanine-based purines may affect the gastric motor function in mouse. Thus, the influence of guanosine on the gastric emptying rate in vivo was determined and its effects on spontaneous gastric mechanical activity, detected as changes of the intraluminal pressure, were analyzed in vitro before and after different treatments. Gastric gavage of guanosine (1.75-10 mg/kg) delayed the gastric emptying. Guanosine (30 μM-1 mM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated stomach, which was not affected by the inhibition of the purine nucleoside phosphorylase enzyme by 4'-deaza-1'-aza-2'-deoxy-1'-(9-methylene)-immucillin-H. The inhibitory response was antagonized by S-(4-nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine, a membrane nucleoside transporter inhibitor, but not affected by 9-chloro-2-(2-furanyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-amine, a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist, or by tetrodotoxin, a blocker of neuronal voltage-dependent Na(+) channels. Moreover, guanosine-induced effects persisted in the presence of 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase or tetraethylammonium, a nonselective potassium channel blocker, but they were progressively reduced by increasing concentrations of 2'5'dideoxyadenosine, an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Lastly, the levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), measured by ELISA, in gastric full thickness preparations were increased by guanosine. In conclusion, our data indicate that, in mouse, guanosine is able to modulate negatively the gastric motor function, reducing gastric emptying and inducing muscular relaxation. The latter is dependent by its cellular uptake and involves adenylyl cyclase activation and increase in cAMP intracellular levels, while it is independent on neural action potentials, adenosine receptors, and K(+) channel activation.

AB - The aim of the present study was to evaluate if guanine-based purines may affect the gastric motor function in mouse. Thus, the influence of guanosine on the gastric emptying rate in vivo was determined and its effects on spontaneous gastric mechanical activity, detected as changes of the intraluminal pressure, were analyzed in vitro before and after different treatments. Gastric gavage of guanosine (1.75-10 mg/kg) delayed the gastric emptying. Guanosine (30 μM-1 mM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated stomach, which was not affected by the inhibition of the purine nucleoside phosphorylase enzyme by 4'-deaza-1'-aza-2'-deoxy-1'-(9-methylene)-immucillin-H. The inhibitory response was antagonized by S-(4-nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine, a membrane nucleoside transporter inhibitor, but not affected by 9-chloro-2-(2-furanyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-amine, a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist, or by tetrodotoxin, a blocker of neuronal voltage-dependent Na(+) channels. Moreover, guanosine-induced effects persisted in the presence of 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase or tetraethylammonium, a nonselective potassium channel blocker, but they were progressively reduced by increasing concentrations of 2'5'dideoxyadenosine, an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Lastly, the levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), measured by ELISA, in gastric full thickness preparations were increased by guanosine. In conclusion, our data indicate that, in mouse, guanosine is able to modulate negatively the gastric motor function, reducing gastric emptying and inducing muscular relaxation. The latter is dependent by its cellular uptake and involves adenylyl cyclase activation and increase in cAMP intracellular levels, while it is independent on neural action potentials, adenosine receptors, and K(+) channel activation.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/97271

UR - http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11302-013-9378-z

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 655

EP - 661

JO - Purinergic Signalling

JF - Purinergic Signalling

SN - 1573-9538

ER -