Gross motor proficiency and intellectual functioning. A comparison among children with Down syndrome, children with borderline intellectual functioning, and typically developing children

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Abstract

This cross-sectional study examines differences in gross motor proficiency as a function of different intellectual functioning profiles. Twomotor areas have been investigated as being equally essential to gross motor functions in every-day life: locomotion and object control.It aims to compare gross motor skills endorsed by children with Down syndrome (DS), children with borderline intellectualfunctioning (BIF), and typically developing children (TDC).Group 1 was composed of 18 children with DS (chronological age=8.22), group 2 was composed of 18 children with BIF(chronological age=9.32), and group 3 was composed of 18 children with typical development (TD) (chronological age=9.28).Gross motor skills were measured through the test of gross motor development (TGMD-Test) composed of locomotion and objectcontrol tasks.Children with DS showed worse gross motor skills compared with children with BIF and typically developing children byunderscoring both on all locomotion (e.g., walking, running, hopping, galloping, jumping, sliding, and leaping) and all object controltasks (e.g., throwing, catching, striking, bouncing, kicking, pulling, and pushing).InDSgroupstrengthswere foundon run and slide skills, inBIF group strengthswere on run, long jump and slide skills and in TDCgroupstrengths were on run and slide skills. For all of the 3 groups the locomotor worst performed task was jump forward with arm swing.Findings suggest implications for further practice to develop evidence-based exercise programs aimed to rehabilitate gross motorskills through the regular participation in structured exercise activities.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine5
RivistaMEDICINE
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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