Grafting affects yield and phenolic profile of Solanum melongena L. landraces

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16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of grafting on agronomical and qualitative characteristics of four Sicilian eggplant landraces was investigated. Grafted and ungrafted plants were compared in the open field in the northern coast of Sicily. Solanum torvum seedlings were used as rootstock. Regardless of genotypes tested, grafting significantly increased total fruit production, marketable production, and number of marketable fruits, but did not affect weight of marketable fruits and waste production. Landrace 2 (“Sciacca”), with black epidermal tissue and pyriform fruit shape, when grafted onto S. torvum not only gave a higher yield performance than ungrafted plants, but also showed a higher phenolic antioxidant content. Landrace 4 (“Sicilia”), withblack epidermal tissue and small cylindrical fruits also benefited, when grafted onto S. torvum, from a substantial increase in antioxidant fruit content. As consumers’ demand for fruits and vegetables rich in compounds important for human health is steadily increasing, these landrace/rootstock combinations should deserve more attention by plant nurseries involved in grafted seedling production and interested in the valorization and conservation of eggplant biodiversity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1017-1024
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of Integrative Agriculture
Volume15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Ecology
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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