Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

Alessandro Saitta, Kentaro Hosaka, Rein Drenkhan, Genevieve Gates, Erki Saluveer, Cherdchai Phosri, Nourou S. Yorou, Jozsef Geml, André L. Njouonkou, Aí M. Vasco-Palacios, Chris Dunk, Sergei Põlme, R. Henrik Nilsson, Kadri Pärtel, Mohammad Bahram, Luis Villarreal Ruiz, Sra Abell, Petr Kohout, Luiza Majuakim, Liang-Dong GuoMarko Peterson, Kaarin Parts, Luis N. Morgado, Helery Harend, Eveli Otsing, Tan Dang, Su Lee, Cathy Sharp, Miguel Rosas, Taavi Riit, Sten Anslan, Xin Chen, Indrek Hiiesalu, Francis Q. Brearley, Franz Buegger, Ave Suija, Gwen Grelet, Eduardo Nouhra, Gregory Bonito, Ravi Wijesundera, Karin Pritsch, André De Kesel, Kadri Põldmaa, Alina Greslebin, Urmas Kõljalg, John Dearnaley, William Dunstan, Meike Piepenbring, David Ratkowsky, Terry W. Henkel, D. Jean Lodge, Karl-Henrik Larsson, Tom W. May, Pham Quang Thu, Kessy Abarenkov, Leho Tedersoo, Jordan Mayor, Matthew E. Smith

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

1349 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples, we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity. The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms, with several notable exceptions. These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine10
RivistaScience
Volume346
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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