Gingival inflammation is caused by bacterial plaque (dental biofilm) that accumulates daily on the teeth.Results in redness, slight swelling, or "puffiness" of the gums and bleeding on tooth brushing. Treatment involves thorough professional tooth cleaning and effective daily removal of dental plaque by tooth brushing and cleaning between the teeth. Necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a more serious condition that is mainly found in developing countries associated with people with severe malnutrition or HIV/AIDS with low CD4 T-cell counts.
Lingua originaleEnglish
EditoreBMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
Numero di pagine0
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017


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Pizzo, G., & Campisi, G. (2017). Gingivitis. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.