Geophysical investigations in the Flumendosa River Delta, Sardinia (Italy) — Seismic reflection imaging

Pietro Cosentino, Raffaele Martorana, Gian Piero Deidda, Gaetano Ranieri, Gabriele Uras

Risultato della ricerca: Article

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

A geophysical investigation that included seismic-reflection surveying and time-domain electromagnetics (EM) was carried out in the Flumendosa River Delta plain in southeastern Sardinia, Italy. The objective was to improve knowledge of geologic and hydrogeologic controls on a highly productive aquifer hosted in thick Quaternary deposits and known to be affected by an extensive saltwater intrusion. The seismic reflection survey, whose results are reported here, aimed to image the Paleozoic bedrock topography and to obtain detailed structural and stratigraphic information on the sequence of largely fluvial sediments extending from the surface down to bedrock. The survey consisted of two inline profiles, nearly parallel to the coastline and 1 km inland. The sources (0.25 kg of explosives buried at 2 m depth) and receivers (50-Hz vertical geophones) produced a twelvefold data set with common midpoints every 2.5 m. Detailed integrated velocity analysis (constant velocity gathers, constant velocity stacks, and semblance plots) and frequency-wavenumber-domain dip moveout (DMO) proved to be the most important processing steps in producing the two stacked sections. Both sections were characterized by distinct seismic units bounded by quasi-continuous reflectors. The lowermost reflection, imaged on section 1 at two-way traveltimes between 310 ms (~300 m) and 580 ms (~530 m) and on section 2 between 200 ms (~190 m) and 65 ms (~52 m), was interpreted to be Paleozoic bedrock. A maximum depth twice as deep as expected was the primary and somewhat surprising result. Imaging of oblique progradational facies — another major finding — proved the existence of undocumented marine Pleistocene sediments that could help in revising the area's geology.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)B121-B128
Numero di pagine8
RivistaGeophysics
Volume71
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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seismic reflection
bedrock
Rivers
Imaging techniques
Sediments
Paleozoic
Seismographs
river
saline intrusion
geophone
Surveying
Geology
Aquifers
Topography
alluvial deposit
surveying
explosive
dip
Deposits
geology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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Geophysical investigations in the Flumendosa River Delta, Sardinia (Italy) — Seismic reflection imaging. / Cosentino, Pietro; Martorana, Raffaele; Deidda, Gian Piero; Ranieri, Gaetano; Uras, Gabriele.

In: Geophysics, Vol. 71, 2006, pag. B121-B128.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

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abstract = "A geophysical investigation that included seismic-reflection surveying and time-domain electromagnetics (EM) was carried out in the Flumendosa River Delta plain in southeastern Sardinia, Italy. The objective was to improve knowledge of geologic and hydrogeologic controls on a highly productive aquifer hosted in thick Quaternary deposits and known to be affected by an extensive saltwater intrusion. The seismic reflection survey, whose results are reported here, aimed to image the Paleozoic bedrock topography and to obtain detailed structural and stratigraphic information on the sequence of largely fluvial sediments extending from the surface down to bedrock. The survey consisted of two inline profiles, nearly parallel to the coastline and 1 km inland. The sources (0.25 kg of explosives buried at 2 m depth) and receivers (50-Hz vertical geophones) produced a twelvefold data set with common midpoints every 2.5 m. Detailed integrated velocity analysis (constant velocity gathers, constant velocity stacks, and semblance plots) and frequency-wavenumber-domain dip moveout (DMO) proved to be the most important processing steps in producing the two stacked sections. Both sections were characterized by distinct seismic units bounded by quasi-continuous reflectors. The lowermost reflection, imaged on section 1 at two-way traveltimes between 310 ms (~300 m) and 580 ms (~530 m) and on section 2 between 200 ms (~190 m) and 65 ms (~52 m), was interpreted to be Paleozoic bedrock. A maximum depth twice as deep as expected was the primary and somewhat surprising result. Imaging of oblique progradational facies — another major finding — proved the existence of undocumented marine Pleistocene sediments that could help in revising the area's geology.",
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AU - Cosentino, Pietro

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AU - Deidda, Gian Piero

AU - Ranieri, Gaetano

AU - Uras, Gabriele

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N2 - A geophysical investigation that included seismic-reflection surveying and time-domain electromagnetics (EM) was carried out in the Flumendosa River Delta plain in southeastern Sardinia, Italy. The objective was to improve knowledge of geologic and hydrogeologic controls on a highly productive aquifer hosted in thick Quaternary deposits and known to be affected by an extensive saltwater intrusion. The seismic reflection survey, whose results are reported here, aimed to image the Paleozoic bedrock topography and to obtain detailed structural and stratigraphic information on the sequence of largely fluvial sediments extending from the surface down to bedrock. The survey consisted of two inline profiles, nearly parallel to the coastline and 1 km inland. The sources (0.25 kg of explosives buried at 2 m depth) and receivers (50-Hz vertical geophones) produced a twelvefold data set with common midpoints every 2.5 m. Detailed integrated velocity analysis (constant velocity gathers, constant velocity stacks, and semblance plots) and frequency-wavenumber-domain dip moveout (DMO) proved to be the most important processing steps in producing the two stacked sections. Both sections were characterized by distinct seismic units bounded by quasi-continuous reflectors. The lowermost reflection, imaged on section 1 at two-way traveltimes between 310 ms (~300 m) and 580 ms (~530 m) and on section 2 between 200 ms (~190 m) and 65 ms (~52 m), was interpreted to be Paleozoic bedrock. A maximum depth twice as deep as expected was the primary and somewhat surprising result. Imaging of oblique progradational facies — another major finding — proved the existence of undocumented marine Pleistocene sediments that could help in revising the area's geology.

AB - A geophysical investigation that included seismic-reflection surveying and time-domain electromagnetics (EM) was carried out in the Flumendosa River Delta plain in southeastern Sardinia, Italy. The objective was to improve knowledge of geologic and hydrogeologic controls on a highly productive aquifer hosted in thick Quaternary deposits and known to be affected by an extensive saltwater intrusion. The seismic reflection survey, whose results are reported here, aimed to image the Paleozoic bedrock topography and to obtain detailed structural and stratigraphic information on the sequence of largely fluvial sediments extending from the surface down to bedrock. The survey consisted of two inline profiles, nearly parallel to the coastline and 1 km inland. The sources (0.25 kg of explosives buried at 2 m depth) and receivers (50-Hz vertical geophones) produced a twelvefold data set with common midpoints every 2.5 m. Detailed integrated velocity analysis (constant velocity gathers, constant velocity stacks, and semblance plots) and frequency-wavenumber-domain dip moveout (DMO) proved to be the most important processing steps in producing the two stacked sections. Both sections were characterized by distinct seismic units bounded by quasi-continuous reflectors. The lowermost reflection, imaged on section 1 at two-way traveltimes between 310 ms (~300 m) and 580 ms (~530 m) and on section 2 between 200 ms (~190 m) and 65 ms (~52 m), was interpreted to be Paleozoic bedrock. A maximum depth twice as deep as expected was the primary and somewhat surprising result. Imaging of oblique progradational facies — another major finding — proved the existence of undocumented marine Pleistocene sediments that could help in revising the area's geology.

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