Geochemical characterisation of gases along the dead sea rift: Evidences of mantle-co2 degassing

Paolo Censi, Claudio Inguaggiato, Inguaggiato, D'Alessandro, Zuddas

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Abstract

The Dead Sea Transform (DST) fault system, where a lateral displacement between the African and Arabian plates occurs, is characterised by anomalous heat flux in the Israeli area close to the border with Syria and Jordan. The concentration of He and CO 2 , and isotopic composition of He and total dissolved inorganic carbon were studied in cold and thermal waters collected along the DST, in order to investigate the source of volatiles and their relationship with the tectonic framework of the DST. The waters with higher temperature (up to 57.2 °C) are characterised by higher amounts of CO 2 and helium (up to 55.72 and 1.91 * 10 -2 cc l -1 , respectively). Helium isotopic data (R/Ra from 0.11 to 2.14) and 4 He/ 20 Ne ratios (0.41-106.86) show the presence of deep-deriving fluids consisting of a variable mixture of mantle and crust end-members, with the former reaching up to 35%. Carbon isotope signature of total dissolved carbon from hot waters falls within the range of magmatic values, suggesting the delivery of deep-seated CO 2 . The geographical distribution of helium isotopic data and isotopic carbon (CO 2 ) values coupled with (CO 2 / 3 He ratios) indicate a larger contribution of mantle-derived fluids affecting the northern part of the investigated area, where the waters reach the highest temperature. These evidences suggest the occurrence of a favourable tectonic framework, including a Moho discontinuity up-rise and/or the presence of a deep fault system coupled with the recent magmatic activity recognised in the northern part of Israel.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)50-57
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume320
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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