Genome wide linkage disequilibrium and genetic structure in Sicilian dairy sheep breeds

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22 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundThe recent availability of sheep genome-wide SNP panels allows providing background information concerning genome structure in domestic animals. The aim of this work was to investigate the patterns of linkage disequilibrium (LD), the genetic diversity and population structure in Valle del Belice, Comisana, and Pinzirita dairy sheep breeds using the Illumina Ovine SNP50K Genotyping array.ResultsAverage r2 between adjacent SNPs across all chromosomes was 0.155±0.204 for Valle del Belice, 0.156±0.208 for Comisana, and 0.128±0.188 for Pinzirita breeds, and some variations in LD value across chromosomes were observed, in particular for Valle del Belice and Comisana breeds. Average values of r2 estimated for all pairwise combinations of SNPs pooled over all autosomes were 0.058±0.023 for Valle del Belice, 0.056±0.021 for Comisana, and 0.037±0.017 for Pinzirita breeds. The LD declined as a function of distance and average r2 was lower than the values observed in other sheep breeds. Consistency of results among the several used approaches (Principal component analysis, Bayesian clustering, FST, Neighbor networks) showed that while Valle del Belice and Pinzirita breeds formed a unique cluster, Comisana breed showed the presence of substructure. In Valle del Belice breed, the high level of genetic differentiation within breed, the heterogeneous cluster in Admixture analysis, but at the same time the highest inbreeding coefficient, suggested that the breed had a wide genetic base with inbred individuals belonging to the same flock. The Sicilian breeds were characterized by low genetic differentiation and high level of admixture. Pinzirita breed displayed the highest genetic diversity (He, Ne) whereas the lowest value was found in Valle del Belice breed.ConclusionsThis study has reported for the first time estimates of LD and genetic diversity from a genome-wide perspective in Sicilian dairy sheep breeds. Our results indicate that breeds formed non-overlapping clusters and are clearly separated populations and that Comisana sheep breed does not constitute a homogenous population. The information generated from this study has important implications for the design and applications of association studies as well as for development of conservation and/or selection breeding programs.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-10
Numero di pagine10
RivistaBMC Genetics
Volume15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2700.2716???

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