Abstract

Fabry's disease is a genetic disorder of X-linked inheritance caused by mutations in the alpha galactosidase A gene resulting in deficiency of this lysosomal enzyme. The progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids, caused by the inadequate enzymatic activity, is responsible of organ dysfunction and thus of clinical manifestations. In the presence of a high clinical suspicion, a careful physical examination and specific laboratory tests are required, finally diagnosis of Fabry’s disease is confirmed by the demonstration of absence or reduced alpha-galactosidase A enzyme activity in hemizygous men and gene typing in heterozygous females; in fact the performance of enzymatic activity assay alone in women is inconclusive. Measurement of the biomarkers Gb3 and Lyso Gb3 in biological specimens may facilitate diagnosis. Because of its multisystemic involvement Fabry’s disease may present a large spectrum of clinical manifestations as acroparesthesias, hypohidrosis, angiokeratomas, signs and symptoms of cardiac, renal, cerebrovascular involvement (renal insufficiency, proteinuria, left ventricular hypertrophy, strokes). Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant α-galactosidase A is actually the specific therapy for Fabry disease. Early beginning of this treatment has shown beneficial effects in particular in cardiac and renal disease, a less efficacy it has been reported in central nervous system involvement. ERT has shown to be associated to a significant reduction of Gb3 accumulation in several tissues, in particular heart and kidney; moreover it improves pain related quality of life. Next generation lysosomal storage disorder treatment is based on new strategic approaches as stem cell based therapy, pharmacological chaperones, viral gene therapy; concerning Fabry’s disease, it has been recently addressed to great interest this last innovative method, that is to say viral gene therapy, for delivering recombination enzyme into main involved tissues; promising results have been reported in animal models. Great efforts have been made and are still required in this field in order to make available a more effective, safer, advantageous therapeutic strategy for patients with Fabry’s disease.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)96-106
Numero di pagine11
RivistaCurrent Gene Therapy
Volume18
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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Fabry Disease
Genetic Therapy
alpha-Galactosidase
Viral Genes
Kidney
Enzymes
Angiokeratoma
Hypohidrosis
Enzyme Replacement Therapy
Glycosphingolipids
X-Linked Genes
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Enzyme Assays
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Therapeutics
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Proteinuria
Genetic Recombination
Genes
Signs and Symptoms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Drug Discovery
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cita questo

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title = "Genetics and gene therapy of anderson-fabry disease",
abstract = "Fabry's disease is a genetic disorder of X-linked inheritance caused by mutations in the alpha galactosidase A gene resulting in deficiency of this lysosomal enzyme. The progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids, caused by the inadequate enzymatic activity, is responsible of organ dysfunction and thus of clinical manifestations. In the presence of a high clinical suspicion, a careful physical examination and specific laboratory tests are required, finally diagnosis of Fabry’s disease is confirmed by the demonstration of absence or reduced alpha-galactosidase A enzyme activity in hemizygous men and gene typing in heterozygous females; in fact the performance of enzymatic activity assay alone in women is inconclusive. Measurement of the biomarkers Gb3 and Lyso Gb3 in biological specimens may facilitate diagnosis. Because of its multisystemic involvement Fabry’s disease may present a large spectrum of clinical manifestations as acroparesthesias, hypohidrosis, angiokeratomas, signs and symptoms of cardiac, renal, cerebrovascular involvement (renal insufficiency, proteinuria, left ventricular hypertrophy, strokes). Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant α-galactosidase A is actually the specific therapy for Fabry disease. Early beginning of this treatment has shown beneficial effects in particular in cardiac and renal disease, a less efficacy it has been reported in central nervous system involvement. ERT has shown to be associated to a significant reduction of Gb3 accumulation in several tissues, in particular heart and kidney; moreover it improves pain related quality of life. Next generation lysosomal storage disorder treatment is based on new strategic approaches as stem cell based therapy, pharmacological chaperones, viral gene therapy; concerning Fabry’s disease, it has been recently addressed to great interest this last innovative method, that is to say viral gene therapy, for delivering recombination enzyme into main involved tissues; promising results have been reported in animal models. Great efforts have been made and are still required in this field in order to make available a more effective, safer, advantageous therapeutic strategy for patients with Fabry’s disease.",
keywords = "Alpha galactosidase A; Chaperone therapy; Enzyme replacement therapy; Fabry disease; Gene therapy; Viral vectors; Molecular Medicine; Molecular Biology; Genetics; Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science; Genetics (clinical)",
author = "Antonio Pinto and Antonino Tuttolomondo and Francesca Corpora and {Di Chiara}, Tiziana and Danai Vogiatzis and Irene Simonetta and Salvatore Miceli",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "96--106",
journal = "Current Gene Therapy",
issn = "1566-5232",
publisher = "Bentham Science Publishers B.V.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetics and gene therapy of anderson-fabry disease

AU - Pinto, Antonio

AU - Tuttolomondo, Antonino

AU - Corpora, Francesca

AU - Di Chiara, Tiziana

AU - Vogiatzis, Danai

AU - Simonetta, Irene

AU - Miceli, Salvatore

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Fabry's disease is a genetic disorder of X-linked inheritance caused by mutations in the alpha galactosidase A gene resulting in deficiency of this lysosomal enzyme. The progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids, caused by the inadequate enzymatic activity, is responsible of organ dysfunction and thus of clinical manifestations. In the presence of a high clinical suspicion, a careful physical examination and specific laboratory tests are required, finally diagnosis of Fabry’s disease is confirmed by the demonstration of absence or reduced alpha-galactosidase A enzyme activity in hemizygous men and gene typing in heterozygous females; in fact the performance of enzymatic activity assay alone in women is inconclusive. Measurement of the biomarkers Gb3 and Lyso Gb3 in biological specimens may facilitate diagnosis. Because of its multisystemic involvement Fabry’s disease may present a large spectrum of clinical manifestations as acroparesthesias, hypohidrosis, angiokeratomas, signs and symptoms of cardiac, renal, cerebrovascular involvement (renal insufficiency, proteinuria, left ventricular hypertrophy, strokes). Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant α-galactosidase A is actually the specific therapy for Fabry disease. Early beginning of this treatment has shown beneficial effects in particular in cardiac and renal disease, a less efficacy it has been reported in central nervous system involvement. ERT has shown to be associated to a significant reduction of Gb3 accumulation in several tissues, in particular heart and kidney; moreover it improves pain related quality of life. Next generation lysosomal storage disorder treatment is based on new strategic approaches as stem cell based therapy, pharmacological chaperones, viral gene therapy; concerning Fabry’s disease, it has been recently addressed to great interest this last innovative method, that is to say viral gene therapy, for delivering recombination enzyme into main involved tissues; promising results have been reported in animal models. Great efforts have been made and are still required in this field in order to make available a more effective, safer, advantageous therapeutic strategy for patients with Fabry’s disease.

AB - Fabry's disease is a genetic disorder of X-linked inheritance caused by mutations in the alpha galactosidase A gene resulting in deficiency of this lysosomal enzyme. The progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids, caused by the inadequate enzymatic activity, is responsible of organ dysfunction and thus of clinical manifestations. In the presence of a high clinical suspicion, a careful physical examination and specific laboratory tests are required, finally diagnosis of Fabry’s disease is confirmed by the demonstration of absence or reduced alpha-galactosidase A enzyme activity in hemizygous men and gene typing in heterozygous females; in fact the performance of enzymatic activity assay alone in women is inconclusive. Measurement of the biomarkers Gb3 and Lyso Gb3 in biological specimens may facilitate diagnosis. Because of its multisystemic involvement Fabry’s disease may present a large spectrum of clinical manifestations as acroparesthesias, hypohidrosis, angiokeratomas, signs and symptoms of cardiac, renal, cerebrovascular involvement (renal insufficiency, proteinuria, left ventricular hypertrophy, strokes). Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant α-galactosidase A is actually the specific therapy for Fabry disease. Early beginning of this treatment has shown beneficial effects in particular in cardiac and renal disease, a less efficacy it has been reported in central nervous system involvement. ERT has shown to be associated to a significant reduction of Gb3 accumulation in several tissues, in particular heart and kidney; moreover it improves pain related quality of life. Next generation lysosomal storage disorder treatment is based on new strategic approaches as stem cell based therapy, pharmacological chaperones, viral gene therapy; concerning Fabry’s disease, it has been recently addressed to great interest this last innovative method, that is to say viral gene therapy, for delivering recombination enzyme into main involved tissues; promising results have been reported in animal models. Great efforts have been made and are still required in this field in order to make available a more effective, safer, advantageous therapeutic strategy for patients with Fabry’s disease.

KW - Alpha galactosidase A; Chaperone therapy; Enzyme replacement therapy; Fabry disease; Gene therapy; Viral vectors; Molecular Medicine; Molecular Biology; Genetics; Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science; Genetics (clinical)

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/292184

UR - http://www.eurekaselect.com/605/journal/current-gene-therapy

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 96

EP - 106

JO - Current Gene Therapy

JF - Current Gene Therapy

SN - 1566-5232

ER -