Gender-related variations in hemolymph parameters of Carabus lefebvrei (Coleoptera: Carabidae): HPLC analysis and phenoloxidase activity

Matteo Cammarata, Maria Giovanna Parisi, Giglio, Cavaliere, Pietro Brandmayr, Giulianini

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

We characterized the enzymatic activity of basal and total phenoloxidase and HLPC and SDS-PAGE profiles in hemolymph of Carabus lefebvrei males and females at different reproductive status. The phenoloxidase activity was activated by trypsin and inhibited by phenoloxidase activity specific inhibitor phenylthiourea. Our results demonstrated that both in males and females, there were no significant differences in the basal phenoloxidase activity between reproductive and virgin beetles, while the total phenoloxidaseactivity increased significantly in virgin specimens. Thus, resources seem to be invested to increase the humoral response in pre-reproductive phase forming a barrier against pathogens and preserving the fecundity and longevity of both sexes. The hemolymph DOPA-MBTH assay on polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis showed a high activity of monomeric form with an apparent molecular weight of 90 kDa and a dimer of about 170kDa, also multimeric bands were present in both sexes.In the SDS-PAGE general protein pattern, specific bands were evident for reproductive and virgin males and females as biochemical markers of sexual difference in immunocompetence.Reproducible differences in peaks were recorded in HPLC analysisperformed on virgin and reproductive males and females.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine9
RivistaInvertebrate Survival Journal
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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