Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (TCLs) are uncommon neoplasms, accounting for about 12% of all lymphoid tumors worldwide. TCLs in which gamma delta T-cell receptors are expressed (gamma delta TCLs) are extremely aggressive and rare (<1% of lymphoid neoplasms). gamma delta TCLs originate from gamma delta T cells, a small subset of peripheral T cells with direct antigen recognition capability acting at the interface between innate and adaptive immunity. Two distinct gamma delta TCL entities are recognized: hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTL) and primary cutaneous gamma delta T-cell lymphoma (PCGD-TCL). HSTL is a well-characterized extranodal lymphoma that has a disguised onset, secondary to intrasinusoidal infiltration of the spleen, liver and bone marrow, has a rapidly progressive course that is poorly responsive to chemotherapy, and often ensues in the setting of immune system suppression. PCGD-TCL can present with prominent epidermal involvement or with a panniculitis-like clinical picture that can be complicated by a concurrent hemophagocytic syndrome; the disease shows biological and phenotypic overlap with other extranodal gamma delta TCLs that involve the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract mucosa. The regular application of phenotypic and molecular techniques is crucial for the diagnosis of gamma delta TCLs. In this Review, we discuss the clinical and biological features, the diagnostic challenges and the therapeutic perspectives of HSTL and PCGD-TCL.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||NATURE REVIEWS. CLINICAL ONCOLOGY|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes