G2 ROTAVIRUS INFECTIONS IN AN INFANTILE POPULATION OF THE SOUTH OF ITALY: VARIABILITY OF VIRAL STRAINS OVER TIME.

Simona De Grazia, Serenella Arista, Antonio Cascio, Giovanni Giammanco, Claudia Colomba, Miren Iturriza-Gòmara, Vito Martella, Antonio Cascio

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Rotavirus positive samples collected in Palermo, Italy, during 2002-2004 did not react with the G2 type-specific RV5:3 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and could be identified as G2 only by RT-PCR genotyping. The genetic variation of VP7 and VP4 antigenic proteins was studied in 14 G2 samples including a selection of both those successfully characterized by serotyping and those failing to be serotyped. The phylogenetic analysis performed on partial VP7 sequences showed a temporal clustering of these strains, with those isolated in Palermo in 2003 belonging to the same lineage of G2 MAbs-unreactive strains identified in UK in 1996-1997 and in Bari, Italy, in 2003-2004. A single amino acid substitution in VP7 antigenic region A, at position 96 (Asp-->Asn), was consistently associated with the loss of antigenic reactivity. Five of the G2 strains were further characterized by sequencing of VP4-encoding genes as belonging to the P[4] type, and separate lineages clustering the strains according to a temporal distribution could be described. VP7 and VP4 antigenic proteins analysis provided evidence that over the last 11 years, at least two different populations of G2P[4] rotavirus strains have been infecting the infant population in Palermo. Considering the role of anti-VP7 and anti-VP4 neutralizing antibodies in rotavirus immunity, the emergence of new VP7-VP4 gene combinations might influence rotavirus circulation in the infant population and should be taken into consideration when devising vaccination strategies.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)587-594
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of Medical Virology
Volume77
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'G2 ROTAVIRUS INFECTIONS IN AN INFANTILE POPULATION OF THE SOUTH OF ITALY: VARIABILITY OF VIRAL STRAINS OVER TIME.'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo