Fruit production and quality evaluation of four litchi cultivars (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate

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Abstract

Introduction - The agronomic and qualitative responses of the litchi fruit (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate are not yet studied. In this study, yield components, physico-chemical and sensory traits of four commercial litchi cultivars were recorded over two productive seasons. Materials and methods - Fruits of the cvs Tai So, Wai Chee, Brewster and Kwai Mai were collected at commercial maturity stage and subjected to productive (yield, efficiency, number of fruits, crop load), analytical (fruit weight, transversal diameter, longitudinal diameter, moisture, total soluble solid content (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), TSS/TA ratio, seed weight, peel weight, percentage of flesh and fiber, ash, fat, protein contents, K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn contents, vitamin B1, B2, B3and C contents), and sensory evaluations. Results and discussion - Even if the climatic conditions prevailing in Sicily differ from those of most litchi-growing regions, the four observed cultivars generally showed yields and fruit qualitative characteristics in line with the affirmed cultivar harvested in many tropical areas. 'Tai So' in addition to its reasonable yielding, physicochemical traits, contents of protein and vitamin, had the highest sensory appeal. 'Kwai Mai' showed interesting percentage of flesh, TSS/TA and flesh mineral composition. 'Brewster' and 'Wai Chee' revealed interesting ground colour, vit. B2and vit. C contents. On the other hand, 'Brewster' and 'Tai So' presented alternate bearing causing to lose a market year. Conclusion - These results suggest the possibility to produce litchi in Mediterranean climate with promising yields and an elevated standard of fruit quality.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)203-211
Numero di pagine9
RivistaFruits
Volume72
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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Litchi
Litchi chinensis
Mediterranean climate
fruit growing
Climate
fruit quality
Fruit
total soluble solids
titratable acidity
fruits
cultivars
marketing year
protein content
alternate bearing
Weights and Measures
vitamin content
fruit crops
Sicily
maturity stage
thiamin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Horticulture
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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@article{d1e57fb61d5947c099ac7ae03c9d0730,
title = "Fruit production and quality evaluation of four litchi cultivars (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate",
abstract = "Introduction - The agronomic and qualitative responses of the litchi fruit (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate are not yet studied. In this study, yield components, physico-chemical and sensory traits of four commercial litchi cultivars were recorded over two productive seasons. Materials and methods - Fruits of the cvs Tai So, Wai Chee, Brewster and Kwai Mai were collected at commercial maturity stage and subjected to productive (yield, efficiency, number of fruits, crop load), analytical (fruit weight, transversal diameter, longitudinal diameter, moisture, total soluble solid content (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), TSS/TA ratio, seed weight, peel weight, percentage of flesh and fiber, ash, fat, protein contents, K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn contents, vitamin B1, B2, B3and C contents), and sensory evaluations. Results and discussion - Even if the climatic conditions prevailing in Sicily differ from those of most litchi-growing regions, the four observed cultivars generally showed yields and fruit qualitative characteristics in line with the affirmed cultivar harvested in many tropical areas. 'Tai So' in addition to its reasonable yielding, physicochemical traits, contents of protein and vitamin, had the highest sensory appeal. 'Kwai Mai' showed interesting percentage of flesh, TSS/TA and flesh mineral composition. 'Brewster' and 'Wai Chee' revealed interesting ground colour, vit. B2and vit. C contents. On the other hand, 'Brewster' and 'Tai So' presented alternate bearing causing to lose a market year. Conclusion - These results suggest the possibility to produce litchi in Mediterranean climate with promising yields and an elevated standard of fruit quality.",
keywords = "Fruit quality; Italy; Litchi (Litchi chinensis); Micronutrient composition; Physico-chemical properties; Yield component; Food Science; Agronomy and Crop Science; Horticulture",
author = "Eristanna Palazzolo and Vittorio Farina and Antonio D'Asaro and Giuseppe Gianguzzi and Agata Mazzaglia",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "203--211",
journal = "Fruits",
issn = "0248-1294",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fruit production and quality evaluation of four litchi cultivars (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate

AU - Palazzolo, Eristanna

AU - Farina, Vittorio

AU - D'Asaro, Antonio

AU - Gianguzzi, Giuseppe

AU - Mazzaglia, Agata

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Introduction - The agronomic and qualitative responses of the litchi fruit (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate are not yet studied. In this study, yield components, physico-chemical and sensory traits of four commercial litchi cultivars were recorded over two productive seasons. Materials and methods - Fruits of the cvs Tai So, Wai Chee, Brewster and Kwai Mai were collected at commercial maturity stage and subjected to productive (yield, efficiency, number of fruits, crop load), analytical (fruit weight, transversal diameter, longitudinal diameter, moisture, total soluble solid content (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), TSS/TA ratio, seed weight, peel weight, percentage of flesh and fiber, ash, fat, protein contents, K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn contents, vitamin B1, B2, B3and C contents), and sensory evaluations. Results and discussion - Even if the climatic conditions prevailing in Sicily differ from those of most litchi-growing regions, the four observed cultivars generally showed yields and fruit qualitative characteristics in line with the affirmed cultivar harvested in many tropical areas. 'Tai So' in addition to its reasonable yielding, physicochemical traits, contents of protein and vitamin, had the highest sensory appeal. 'Kwai Mai' showed interesting percentage of flesh, TSS/TA and flesh mineral composition. 'Brewster' and 'Wai Chee' revealed interesting ground colour, vit. B2and vit. C contents. On the other hand, 'Brewster' and 'Tai So' presented alternate bearing causing to lose a market year. Conclusion - These results suggest the possibility to produce litchi in Mediterranean climate with promising yields and an elevated standard of fruit quality.

AB - Introduction - The agronomic and qualitative responses of the litchi fruit (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) grown in Mediterranean climate are not yet studied. In this study, yield components, physico-chemical and sensory traits of four commercial litchi cultivars were recorded over two productive seasons. Materials and methods - Fruits of the cvs Tai So, Wai Chee, Brewster and Kwai Mai were collected at commercial maturity stage and subjected to productive (yield, efficiency, number of fruits, crop load), analytical (fruit weight, transversal diameter, longitudinal diameter, moisture, total soluble solid content (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), TSS/TA ratio, seed weight, peel weight, percentage of flesh and fiber, ash, fat, protein contents, K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn contents, vitamin B1, B2, B3and C contents), and sensory evaluations. Results and discussion - Even if the climatic conditions prevailing in Sicily differ from those of most litchi-growing regions, the four observed cultivars generally showed yields and fruit qualitative characteristics in line with the affirmed cultivar harvested in many tropical areas. 'Tai So' in addition to its reasonable yielding, physicochemical traits, contents of protein and vitamin, had the highest sensory appeal. 'Kwai Mai' showed interesting percentage of flesh, TSS/TA and flesh mineral composition. 'Brewster' and 'Wai Chee' revealed interesting ground colour, vit. B2and vit. C contents. On the other hand, 'Brewster' and 'Tai So' presented alternate bearing causing to lose a market year. Conclusion - These results suggest the possibility to produce litchi in Mediterranean climate with promising yields and an elevated standard of fruit quality.

KW - Fruit quality; Italy; Litchi (Litchi chinensis); Micronutrient composition; Physico-chemical properties; Yield component; Food Science; Agronomy and Crop Science; Horticulture

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/274403

UR - http://www.edpsciences.org/journal/index.cfm?edpsname=fruits

M3 - Article

VL - 72

SP - 203

EP - 211

JO - Fruits

JF - Fruits

SN - 0248-1294

ER -