In the present study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was applied to evaluate the energyconsumption and environmental burdens associated with the production of protected crops in anagricultural district in the Mediterranean region. In this study, LCA was used as a ‘support tool’, toaddress local policies for sustainable production and consumption patterns, and to create a ‘knowledgebase’ for environmental assessment of an extended agricultural production area. The proposed approachcombines organisation-specific tools, such as Environmental Management Systems and EnvironmentalProduct Declarations, with the environmental management of the district. Questionnaires weredistributed to producers to determine the life cycle of different protected crops (tomatoes, cherrytomatoes, peppers, melons and zucchinis), and obtain information on greenhouse usage (e.g. tunnel vs.pavilion). Ecoprofiles of products in the district were also estimated, to identify supply chain elementswith the highest impact in terms of global energy requirements, greenhouse gas emissions, eutrophication,water consumption and waste production. These results of this study enable selection of the ‘bestpractices’ and ecodesign solutions, to reduce the environmental impact of these products. Finally,sensitivity analysis of key LCA issues was performed, to assess the variability associated with differentparameters: vegetable production; water usage; fertiliser and pesticide usage; shared greenhouse use;substitution of plastics coverings; and waste recycling.
|Numero di pagine||15|
|Rivista||Journal of Environmental Management|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law