From the Golgi–Cajal mapping to the transmitter-based characterization of the neuronal networks leading to two modes of brain communication: Wiring and volume transmission

Natale Belluardo, Beth Hagman, Luigi F. Agnati, Alicia Rivera, Kjell Fuxe, Malin Höistad, Daniel Marcellino, Zaida Diaz-Cabiale, Susanna Genedani, Diego Guidolin, Jan Kehr, William Staines, Annica Dahlström, Giuseppina Leo, Kirsten Jacobsen, Anders Jansson, Barbro Tinner-Staines

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

177 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

After Golgi-Cajal mapped neural circuits, the discovery and mapping of the central monoamine neurons opened up for a new understanding of interneuronal communication by indicating that another form of communication exists. For instance, it was found that dopamine may be released as a prolactin inhibitory factor from the median eminence, indicating an alternative mode of dopamine communication in the brain. Subsequently, the analysis of the locus coeruleus noradrenaline neurons demonstrated a novel type of lower brainstem neuron that monosynaptically and globally innervated the entire CNS. Furthermore, the ascending raphe serotonin neuron systems were found to globally innervate the forebrain with few synapses, and where deficits in serotonergic function appeared to play a major role in depression. We propose that serotonin reuptake inhibitors may produce antidepressant effects through increasing serotonergic neurotrophism in serotonin nerve cells and their targets by transactivation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), involving direct or indirect receptor/RTK interactions. Early chemical neuroanatomical work on the monoamine neurons, involving primitive nervous systems and analysis of peptide neurons, indicated the existence of alternative modes of communication apart from synaptic transmission. In 1986, Agnati and Fuxe introduced the theory of two main types of intercellular communication in the brain: wiring and volume transmission (WT and VT). Synchronization of phasic activity in the monoamine cell clusters through electrotonic coupling and synaptic transmission (WT) enables optimal VT of monoamines in the target regions. Experimental work suggests an integration of WT and VT signals via receptor-receptor interactions, and a new theory of receptor-connexin interactions in electrical and mixed synapses is introduced. Consequently, a new model of brain function must be built, in which communication includes both WT and VT and receptor-receptor interactions in the integration of signals. This will lead to the unified execution of information handling and trophism for optimal brain function and survival.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)17-54
Numero di pagine38
RivistaBrain Research Reviews
Volume55
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2800.2800???
  • Clinical Neurology

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