of Sicily from the Italian continent. Furthermore the site is a paradigmatic horizon in the Pleistocene faunalrecord, demonstrating a progressive transition from mega faunas to smaller-sized, Boreal, faunas. The site hasbeen repeatedly studied and excavated, with different aims and approaches, leading to an interpretation ofEpigravettian burial site and daily attendance. Here we propose a reappraisal of the study of the stratigraphy ofthe site, and in particular of the bone-rich layer (PAL) accumulated over the red ochre layer that apparentlysealed all the different burials, with the exception of one. The study has been conducted starting from a new,consistent collection of materials from the PAL layer previously identified by Bonfiglio and co-authors, andmoved from the morphological and microscopical identification of faunal remains and their taphonomy, to theaccurate geological, petrographical and pedological definition of the sediments by stereomicroscope (SM), polarizedlight microscope (PLM) and X-Ray diffractometry (XRD) analyses.We propose the first 14C AMS dating of the layer PAL, performed on a Bos primigenius sample that has beendated to 12624 ± 59 BC, 15224–14708 cal yr BP. This date does not differ much from the dates obtained withanalogous methodology on buried human remains. Despite the difficulty of a reconstruction of biological timesand human behaviours that are not chronologically traceable, we can nonetheless state that the site had at leasttwo main moments of attendance in the late Upper Palaeolithic: one linked to burials, excavated in a cave stillsporadically visited by humans, and a second period of intense attendance, industrial production of quartzarenite lithics and rare flint, intensive slaughter of late-glacial Boreal fauna and presence of many combustionresidues.
|Numero di pagine||14|
|Rivista||Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|
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