From lab to industry: Scaling up green geopolymeric mortars manufacturing towards circular economy

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4 Citazioni (Scopus)


Construction is nowadays considered an extremely energy intensive industry and one of the main sources of environmental pollution in the world. Therefore, the research and the development of novel energy-saving manufacturing processes and sustainable construction materials is more than ever urgent and challenging. This paper aims at identifying the industrial process for the production of novel geopolymers to be used as a greener substitute for cement, especially the Portland one, widely used for structural applications to significantly reduce the environmental impact of the construction industry. Here, the materials sustainability and the manufacturing process are improved by valorising and reusing wastes, deriving from the pulp-paper industry, as raw materials. This industry generates a great quantity of wastes that represent a real concern both for their environmental impact and cost of disposal. The new industrial process was evaluated after scaling up the laboratory procedure to an industrial dimension. Consequently, each small-scale process was deeply analysed (raw materials involved and processes) and transposed into a massive-production. The most relevant processes that show an elevated environmental impact were identified and the energy consumption of the whole process has been assessed resulting, for the analysed geopolymeric product, an embodied energy of 645 MJ/ton, being about one sixth of the OPC. Moreover, a preliminary economic analysis has been conducted in terms of raw materials involved in the proposed industrial process revealing a decreasing cost per ton increasing the waste recycling. All considered, the main conclusions are that the industrial scale up of the proposed geopolymeric product, assessed for the first time in literature along with the related proposed considerations, could be highly competitive to the Portland production involving greener processes with a much lower energy consumption and a greater financial saving by improving the wastes quantity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine11
RivistaJournal of Cleaner Production
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2300???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1400.1408???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2209???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2215???


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