From βαλανεῖα to thermae: unveiling the transition from Greek to Roman architectural models of baths by technological and provenance archaeometric studies on bricks and tiles

Elisa Chiara Portale, Rosa Torre, Simona Raneri, Paolo Mazzoleni, Germana Barone, Rosa Torre

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

So far unexplored, the introduction and the spread of the Roman thermal buildings in the prima provincia (Sicily) are widely debatedin the current archaeological studies. Mainly due to the lack of systematic excavations and intensively technological studies, the assessment ofthermae in the Hellenistic-Roman Sicily has been thus far interpreted as a new social and architectural experience. However, a more carefularchaeological investigation would suggest a gradual transformation of the architectural landscape from the purely Greek bath tradition to thecanonical thermae types. The aim of this paper is therefore to study the classical hot bath culture and, in particular, the transition from Greek toRoman architectural models (from βαλανεῖα to thermae) by applying an archaeometric approach on brick and tile samples from three Sicilianarchaeological sites – Solunto, Taormina, Tindari – recently proved to be among the rst towns in Sicily in which Roman thermae were establishedin the Early Empire. Petrographic, mineralogical (XRD), micromorphological (SEM) and geochemical (XRF) analyses has been performed on aselection of bath building remains (comprising suspensurae, tiles, bricks) to explore technology and production issues. e obtained results allowedto identify local productions and to distinguish them from imports, redrawing some aspects of the historical, economic, social and technologicalconstruction context of Roman Sicily.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)187-202
Numero di pagine16
RivistaARCHÉOSCIENCES
Volume43
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3300.3302???

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