Background: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis asso- ciated with comorbidities like obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. Adipose tissue leads to a pro-inflammatory status in obese subjects. For this reason, central obesity may determine a worsening in both disability index or quality of life in PsA patients treated with biologic agents.Objectives: Our study aimed to evaluate the relationship between central obe- sity and disability index or the impact of the disease on quality of life in a real- world sample of PsA patients.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Patients with PsA were enrolled at the PsA clinic at the ARNAS Civico in Palermo (Italy) from March 2018 to December 2019. Clinical, pharmacological, anthropometric, labo- ratoristic variables, and patient-reported outcomes, including the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease (PsAID) were evaluated. STATA 14.1 was used to perform statistical analysis. Results: A total of 143 outpatients aged 55.6 (47.7-63.7) affected by PsA, according to CASPAR criteria, were consecutively evaluated. The average years of illness were 10.8 (9.5-12.1). Patients were treated with biological therapy (81.3%), DMARDS (41.6%), small molecules (9.9%), or their combinations. Both sexes were equally represented. 71.9% of enrolled patients had central obesity (64.9% men and 78.1% women) with an average waist circumference of 104.2 (101.8 - 106.6) for women and 103.6 (100.0 -107.2) for men. Average HAQ was 1.05 (0.92 - 1.19), and data analysis showed 50.3% of patients with normal-mild functional disability, 30.1% moderate to severe disability, and 19.6% severe to very severe disability [Fig 1]. 51,7% of the sample had a high impact of the dis- ease on life, according to the PsAID questionnaire [Fig 2]. A strong association was observed between functional disability measured by HAQ >2 and central obesity [OR (95% CI) 16.94 (2.22 - 129.48); p < 0.006]. Moreover, data analysis showed an association between high impact of disease on life (PsAID >4) and central obesity [OR (95% CI) 3.33 (1.56 - 7.13); p<0,002].Conclusion: Our study demonstrated a high association between functional dis- ability studied subjectively using the HAQ, the impact of the disease on patients’ quality of life using PsAID, and central obesity in Sicilian outpatients affected by PsA. Data suggest that therapeutic goals should not be focused on treatment but also on waist circumference reduction in order to reduce inflammation and improve patients’ functional ability and quality of life.
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|