Focal nodular hyperplasia in normal and fatty liver: a qualitative and quantitative evaluation with contrast-enhanced ultrasound

Massimo Midiri, Roberto Lagalla, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Massimo Galia, Elio Sciarrino, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Michele Scialpi

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe gray-scale appearance of liver parenchyma and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) by pulse inversion (PI) ultrasound (US) at baseline and after contrast agent administration in patients with normal and fatty liver. Sixteen consecutive patients (12 women, 4 men) with 29 previously diagnosed FNHs (15 of 29 located in normal liver and 14 of 29 in fatty liver) underwent PI US before and after SH U 508A (Levovist) injection. Signal intensity values were measured within the FNHs and the adjacent liver parenchyma in selected images. Baseline echogenicity of fatty liver was higher (15.19 +/- 2.90 dB +/- SD) than normal liver (10.91 +/- 3.15 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, normal livers (7 of 16) showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (16.59 +/- 3.81 dB +/- SD; p<0.001) in comparison with fatty livers (9 of 16; 15.75 +/- 3.12 dB +/- SD). The FNHs located in normal liver showed baseline echogenicity higher (12.29 +/- 3.22 dB +/- SD) than that of FNHs arising in fatty liver (7.06 +/- 2.43 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, FNHs located in normal liver showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (25.30 +/- 4.62 dB +/- SD) in comparison with FNHs located in fatty liver (13.58 +/- 3.54 dB +/- SD; p<0.001); the latter always showed mean values of echogenicity lower than surrounding liver parenchyma. In our series decreased contrast-enhancement pattern of both fatty liver and FNHs located in fatty liver was the most prominent finding when Levovist is administered. Contrast washout was a distinctive feature of FNH arising from the fatty liver.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)583-591
RivistaEuropean Radiology
Volume14
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2004

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Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
Fatty Liver
Liver
Contrast Media

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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title = "Focal nodular hyperplasia in normal and fatty liver: a qualitative and quantitative evaluation with contrast-enhanced ultrasound",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to describe gray-scale appearance of liver parenchyma and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) by pulse inversion (PI) ultrasound (US) at baseline and after contrast agent administration in patients with normal and fatty liver. Sixteen consecutive patients (12 women, 4 men) with 29 previously diagnosed FNHs (15 of 29 located in normal liver and 14 of 29 in fatty liver) underwent PI US before and after SH U 508A (Levovist) injection. Signal intensity values were measured within the FNHs and the adjacent liver parenchyma in selected images. Baseline echogenicity of fatty liver was higher (15.19 +/- 2.90 dB +/- SD) than normal liver (10.91 +/- 3.15 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, normal livers (7 of 16) showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (16.59 +/- 3.81 dB +/- SD; p<0.001) in comparison with fatty livers (9 of 16; 15.75 +/- 3.12 dB +/- SD). The FNHs located in normal liver showed baseline echogenicity higher (12.29 +/- 3.22 dB +/- SD) than that of FNHs arising in fatty liver (7.06 +/- 2.43 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, FNHs located in normal liver showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (25.30 +/- 4.62 dB +/- SD) in comparison with FNHs located in fatty liver (13.58 +/- 3.54 dB +/- SD; p<0.001); the latter always showed mean values of echogenicity lower than surrounding liver parenchyma. In our series decreased contrast-enhancement pattern of both fatty liver and FNHs located in fatty liver was the most prominent finding when Levovist is administered. Contrast washout was a distinctive feature of FNH arising from the fatty liver.",
author = "Massimo Midiri and Roberto Lagalla and Bartolotta, {Tommaso Vincenzo} and Massimo Galia and Elio Sciarrino and Bartolotta, {Tommaso Vincenzo} and Michele Scialpi",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "583--591",
journal = "European Radiology",
issn = "0938-7994",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Focal nodular hyperplasia in normal and fatty liver: a qualitative and quantitative evaluation with contrast-enhanced ultrasound

AU - Midiri, Massimo

AU - Lagalla, Roberto

AU - Bartolotta, Tommaso Vincenzo

AU - Galia, Massimo

AU - Sciarrino, Elio

AU - Bartolotta, Tommaso Vincenzo

AU - Scialpi, Michele

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The aim of this study was to describe gray-scale appearance of liver parenchyma and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) by pulse inversion (PI) ultrasound (US) at baseline and after contrast agent administration in patients with normal and fatty liver. Sixteen consecutive patients (12 women, 4 men) with 29 previously diagnosed FNHs (15 of 29 located in normal liver and 14 of 29 in fatty liver) underwent PI US before and after SH U 508A (Levovist) injection. Signal intensity values were measured within the FNHs and the adjacent liver parenchyma in selected images. Baseline echogenicity of fatty liver was higher (15.19 +/- 2.90 dB +/- SD) than normal liver (10.91 +/- 3.15 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, normal livers (7 of 16) showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (16.59 +/- 3.81 dB +/- SD; p<0.001) in comparison with fatty livers (9 of 16; 15.75 +/- 3.12 dB +/- SD). The FNHs located in normal liver showed baseline echogenicity higher (12.29 +/- 3.22 dB +/- SD) than that of FNHs arising in fatty liver (7.06 +/- 2.43 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, FNHs located in normal liver showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (25.30 +/- 4.62 dB +/- SD) in comparison with FNHs located in fatty liver (13.58 +/- 3.54 dB +/- SD; p<0.001); the latter always showed mean values of echogenicity lower than surrounding liver parenchyma. In our series decreased contrast-enhancement pattern of both fatty liver and FNHs located in fatty liver was the most prominent finding when Levovist is administered. Contrast washout was a distinctive feature of FNH arising from the fatty liver.

AB - The aim of this study was to describe gray-scale appearance of liver parenchyma and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) by pulse inversion (PI) ultrasound (US) at baseline and after contrast agent administration in patients with normal and fatty liver. Sixteen consecutive patients (12 women, 4 men) with 29 previously diagnosed FNHs (15 of 29 located in normal liver and 14 of 29 in fatty liver) underwent PI US before and after SH U 508A (Levovist) injection. Signal intensity values were measured within the FNHs and the adjacent liver parenchyma in selected images. Baseline echogenicity of fatty liver was higher (15.19 +/- 2.90 dB +/- SD) than normal liver (10.91 +/- 3.15 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, normal livers (7 of 16) showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (16.59 +/- 3.81 dB +/- SD; p<0.001) in comparison with fatty livers (9 of 16; 15.75 +/- 3.12 dB +/- SD). The FNHs located in normal liver showed baseline echogenicity higher (12.29 +/- 3.22 dB +/- SD) than that of FNHs arising in fatty liver (7.06 +/- 2.43 dB +/- SD; p<0.001). After Levovist administration, FNHs located in normal liver showed a statistically significant increase of echogenicity (25.30 +/- 4.62 dB +/- SD) in comparison with FNHs located in fatty liver (13.58 +/- 3.54 dB +/- SD; p<0.001); the latter always showed mean values of echogenicity lower than surrounding liver parenchyma. In our series decreased contrast-enhancement pattern of both fatty liver and FNHs located in fatty liver was the most prominent finding when Levovist is administered. Contrast washout was a distinctive feature of FNH arising from the fatty liver.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/29777

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 583

EP - 591

JO - European Radiology

JF - European Radiology

SN - 0938-7994

ER -