Flow and sediment transport process in vegetated beds: experimental investigation in laboratory flumes

Risultato della ricerca: Paper

Abstract

The uncertainty regarding the interpretation of sediment transport phenomena during the transients determines some limitations in mathematical modeling of scouring process. But, quantitative estimate of sediment transport processes is important, especially in river-control engineering and water management projects. To this aim, literature (among others Hoffmans and Booji, 1993; Chrisochoides et al., 2003) shows it is necessary to well predict the flow velocity field, the eddy-viscosity and the bed shear stress in order to make correct calculations in simulating the bed-load transport and the development of scour hole in time. Particularly, the role of turbulent structures, developing within the scour hole, on process evolution is still unclear. In such a context, the present work aims to investigate the effect of flexible vegetation planted on the bed on the flow field, turbulence flow structure and sediment transport process. Results are presented and discussed from laboratory experimental campaigns specifically designed to investigate flow characteristics both in presence and in absence of vegetation on the bed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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transport process
sediment transport
scour
bottom stress
vegetation
flow structure
bedload
flow velocity
flow field
shear stress
water management
eddy
viscosity
turbulence
engineering
river
modeling
laboratory

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title = "Flow and sediment transport process in vegetated beds: experimental investigation in laboratory flumes",
abstract = "The uncertainty regarding the interpretation of sediment transport phenomena during the transients determines some limitations in mathematical modeling of scouring process. But, quantitative estimate of sediment transport processes is important, especially in river-control engineering and water management projects. To this aim, literature (among others Hoffmans and Booji, 1993; Chrisochoides et al., 2003) shows it is necessary to well predict the flow velocity field, the eddy-viscosity and the bed shear stress in order to make correct calculations in simulating the bed-load transport and the development of scour hole in time. Particularly, the role of turbulent structures, developing within the scour hole, on process evolution is still unclear. In such a context, the present work aims to investigate the effect of flexible vegetation planted on the bed on the flow field, turbulence flow structure and sediment transport process. Results are presented and discussed from laboratory experimental campaigns specifically designed to investigate flow characteristics both in presence and in absence of vegetation on the bed.",
keywords = "sediment transport, transients, simulation",
author = "Donatella Termini",
year = "2017",
language = "English",

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TY - CONF

T1 - Flow and sediment transport process in vegetated beds: experimental investigation in laboratory flumes

AU - Termini, Donatella

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The uncertainty regarding the interpretation of sediment transport phenomena during the transients determines some limitations in mathematical modeling of scouring process. But, quantitative estimate of sediment transport processes is important, especially in river-control engineering and water management projects. To this aim, literature (among others Hoffmans and Booji, 1993; Chrisochoides et al., 2003) shows it is necessary to well predict the flow velocity field, the eddy-viscosity and the bed shear stress in order to make correct calculations in simulating the bed-load transport and the development of scour hole in time. Particularly, the role of turbulent structures, developing within the scour hole, on process evolution is still unclear. In such a context, the present work aims to investigate the effect of flexible vegetation planted on the bed on the flow field, turbulence flow structure and sediment transport process. Results are presented and discussed from laboratory experimental campaigns specifically designed to investigate flow characteristics both in presence and in absence of vegetation on the bed.

AB - The uncertainty regarding the interpretation of sediment transport phenomena during the transients determines some limitations in mathematical modeling of scouring process. But, quantitative estimate of sediment transport processes is important, especially in river-control engineering and water management projects. To this aim, literature (among others Hoffmans and Booji, 1993; Chrisochoides et al., 2003) shows it is necessary to well predict the flow velocity field, the eddy-viscosity and the bed shear stress in order to make correct calculations in simulating the bed-load transport and the development of scour hole in time. Particularly, the role of turbulent structures, developing within the scour hole, on process evolution is still unclear. In such a context, the present work aims to investigate the effect of flexible vegetation planted on the bed on the flow field, turbulence flow structure and sediment transport process. Results are presented and discussed from laboratory experimental campaigns specifically designed to investigate flow characteristics both in presence and in absence of vegetation on the bed.

KW - sediment transport, transients, simulation

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/261449

M3 - Paper

ER -