Floral scent in a sexually deceptive Ophrys orchid: from headspace collections to solvent extractions

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Abstract

Sexually deceptive orchid flowers use visual, tactile and olfactory cues of female insects in order to attract males of one or a few closely related species as pollinators. Ophrys L. is the most species-rich genus of sexually deceptive orchids in the Mediterranean Basin. Despite Ophrys pollinated by Andrena male bees use alkanes and mainly alkenes with specific double-bond positions as key signals that trigger pseudocopulatory behavior, some volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with low molecular weight were found as long-range attractants non-eliciting copulatory behavior. Since floral scents in Ophrys have been extensively studied by solvent extractions here we aimed to understand which floral volatiles are found when two different collection methods are used in Ophrys panormitana flowers. By knowing their chemical composition, we could better understand the scent chemistry of this Ophrys species without overlooking VOCs which could also have a function in its pollination biology. Scent samples collected by dynamic headspace and by solvent extraction were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The floral scent of O. panormitana is composed by a bouquet of VOCs with lower and higher molecular weights. The headspace samples contained VOCs with higher volatility (mainly one aliphatic alcohol and two aliphatic ketones) whereas the solvent extracts were composed by VOCs with lower volatility (exclusively long-chain alkanes and alkenes). Overlapping in VOCs between headspace and solvent samples were not found. For the first time Andrena nigroaenea was observed during the pseudocopulation and removing the pollinaria of a flower of O. panormitana.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)00-
Numero di pagine6
RivistaPLANT SIGNALING & BEHAVIOR
Volume14
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

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title = "Floral scent in a sexually deceptive Ophrys orchid: from headspace collections to solvent extractions",
abstract = "Sexually deceptive orchid flowers use visual, tactile and olfactory cues of female insects in order to attract males of one or a few closely related species as pollinators. Ophrys L. is the most species-rich genus of sexually deceptive orchids in the Mediterranean Basin. Despite Ophrys pollinated by Andrena male bees use alkanes and mainly alkenes with specific double-bond positions as key signals that trigger pseudocopulatory behavior, some volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with low molecular weight were found as long-range attractants non-eliciting copulatory behavior. Since floral scents in Ophrys have been extensively studied by solvent extractions here we aimed to understand which floral volatiles are found when two different collection methods are used in Ophrys panormitana flowers. By knowing their chemical composition, we could better understand the scent chemistry of this Ophrys species without overlooking VOCs which could also have a function in its pollination biology. Scent samples collected by dynamic headspace and by solvent extraction were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The floral scent of O. panormitana is composed by a bouquet of VOCs with lower and higher molecular weights. The headspace samples contained VOCs with higher volatility (mainly one aliphatic alcohol and two aliphatic ketones) whereas the solvent extracts were composed by VOCs with lower volatility (exclusively long-chain alkanes and alkenes). Overlapping in VOCs between headspace and solvent samples were not found. For the first time Andrena nigroaenea was observed during the pseudocopulation and removing the pollinaria of a flower of O. panormitana.",
author = "Maurizio Sajeva and Maurizio Bruno and Sergio Rosselli and Maggio, {Antonella Maria} and Pietro Zito",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "00--",
journal = "PLANT SIGNALING & BEHAVIOR",
issn = "1559-2324",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Floral scent in a sexually deceptive Ophrys orchid: from headspace collections to solvent extractions

AU - Sajeva, Maurizio

AU - Bruno, Maurizio

AU - Rosselli, Sergio

AU - Maggio, Antonella Maria

AU - Zito, Pietro

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Sexually deceptive orchid flowers use visual, tactile and olfactory cues of female insects in order to attract males of one or a few closely related species as pollinators. Ophrys L. is the most species-rich genus of sexually deceptive orchids in the Mediterranean Basin. Despite Ophrys pollinated by Andrena male bees use alkanes and mainly alkenes with specific double-bond positions as key signals that trigger pseudocopulatory behavior, some volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with low molecular weight were found as long-range attractants non-eliciting copulatory behavior. Since floral scents in Ophrys have been extensively studied by solvent extractions here we aimed to understand which floral volatiles are found when two different collection methods are used in Ophrys panormitana flowers. By knowing their chemical composition, we could better understand the scent chemistry of this Ophrys species without overlooking VOCs which could also have a function in its pollination biology. Scent samples collected by dynamic headspace and by solvent extraction were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The floral scent of O. panormitana is composed by a bouquet of VOCs with lower and higher molecular weights. The headspace samples contained VOCs with higher volatility (mainly one aliphatic alcohol and two aliphatic ketones) whereas the solvent extracts were composed by VOCs with lower volatility (exclusively long-chain alkanes and alkenes). Overlapping in VOCs between headspace and solvent samples were not found. For the first time Andrena nigroaenea was observed during the pseudocopulation and removing the pollinaria of a flower of O. panormitana.

AB - Sexually deceptive orchid flowers use visual, tactile and olfactory cues of female insects in order to attract males of one or a few closely related species as pollinators. Ophrys L. is the most species-rich genus of sexually deceptive orchids in the Mediterranean Basin. Despite Ophrys pollinated by Andrena male bees use alkanes and mainly alkenes with specific double-bond positions as key signals that trigger pseudocopulatory behavior, some volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with low molecular weight were found as long-range attractants non-eliciting copulatory behavior. Since floral scents in Ophrys have been extensively studied by solvent extractions here we aimed to understand which floral volatiles are found when two different collection methods are used in Ophrys panormitana flowers. By knowing their chemical composition, we could better understand the scent chemistry of this Ophrys species without overlooking VOCs which could also have a function in its pollination biology. Scent samples collected by dynamic headspace and by solvent extraction were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The floral scent of O. panormitana is composed by a bouquet of VOCs with lower and higher molecular weights. The headspace samples contained VOCs with higher volatility (mainly one aliphatic alcohol and two aliphatic ketones) whereas the solvent extracts were composed by VOCs with lower volatility (exclusively long-chain alkanes and alkenes). Overlapping in VOCs between headspace and solvent samples were not found. For the first time Andrena nigroaenea was observed during the pseudocopulation and removing the pollinaria of a flower of O. panormitana.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/337069

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 00-

JO - PLANT SIGNALING & BEHAVIOR

JF - PLANT SIGNALING & BEHAVIOR

SN - 1559-2324

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