Fission Product Activity Measurements in Air Particulate Filters Collected after Fukushima Accident at Palermo, Italy

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In the framework of routine operation of AGN-201 COSTANZA Nuclear research reactor,measurements of radionuclide air concentration are periodically performed by filtering an high volume of airthrough paper filters and by using HPGe gamma-ray spectrometry. After Fukushima accident, a series ofsamplings was carried out with a daily frequency so to detect the possible arrival of air radioactivecontamination and to follow its evolution.Particulate collection was performed by suction of atmospheric air through 45cm × 45cm Sofiltra-PoelmanHYN-75 (Bleu type) cellulose filter paper using a high-volume air sampler located on the roof of our department20 m above ground-level. The sampling time was generally set to 14 h from 6 p.m. to 8 a.m. the next day; thefiltered air volume is typically 10,000-13,000 m3. After particulate sampling, the filters were sprayed with asuitable fixer, cut into strips, folded and pressed into 6 cm side and 0.7 cm thickness packets by a 15-t press.These samples are then measured by HPGe gamma spectrometric systems. The analysis of the spectrometricmeasurements highlights the presence of 131I, 134Cs, 136Cs , 137Cs and, only for a sample, traces of 132Te-132I. Thetrend of air concentration values shows a rapid initial increase, related to the most significant release fromFukushima plant, followed by a steady decrease in the values caused by air masses dilution and, only for 131I and136Cs, radioactive decay. From a dose to population point of view, no significant values are obtained. Comparedwith the values determined immediately after the Chernobyl accident, the concentration values are from 1,000 to100,000 times lower while, for only 137Cs, are comparable with the ones highlighted after the Algeciras (Spain)accident.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine0
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012


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