First results of the Piton de la Fournaise STRAP 2015 experiment: Multidisciplinary tracking of a volcanic gas and aerosol plume

Alessandro Aiuppa, Thierry Portafaix, Andréa Di Muro, Philippe Kowalski, Jean-Marc Metzger, Gaetano Giudice, Jérome Brioude, Jean Sciare, Jimmy Leclair De Bellevue, Christelle Barthe, Santiago Arellano, Nicolas Villeneuve, Valentin Duflot, Patrice Boissier, Franck Gabarrot, Bo Galle, Pierre Tulet, Christophe Brunet, Cyrielle Denjean, Joris PianezzeNicolas Marquestaut, Dominique Mékies, Arnaud Tournigand, Guillaume Boudoire, Fréderic Jeamblu, Christian Guadagno, Brice Foucart, Christophe Brunet, Thierry Bourrianne, Chatrapatty Bhugwant, Aurélie Colomb, Alessandro Aiuppa, Jean-Pierre Cammas, Fréderic Burnet, Aline Peltier, Soline Bielli, Karine Sellegri

Risultato della ricerca: Article

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The STRAP (Synergie Transdisciplinaire pour Répondre aux Aléas liés aux Panaches volcaniques) campaign was conducted over the entire year of 2015 to investigate the volcanic plumes of Piton de La Fournaise (La Réunion, France). For the first time, measurements at the local (near the vent) and at the regional scales were conducted around the island. The STRAP 2015 campaign has become possible thanks to strong cross-disciplinary collaboration between volcanologists and meteorologists. The main observations during four eruptive periods (85 days) are summarised. They include the estimates of SO2, CO2 and H2O emissions, the altitude of the plume at the vent and over different areas of La Réunion Island, the evolution of the SO2 concentration, the aerosol size distribution and the aerosol extinction profile. A climatology of the volcanic plume dispersion is also reported. Simulations and measurements show that the plumes formed by weak eruptions have a stronger interaction with the surface of the island. Strong SO2 mixing ratio and particle concentrations above 1000Äâ¬ppb and 50Äâ¬000Äâ¬cmÄ'3 respectively are frequently measured over a distance of 20Äâ¬km from Piton de la Fournaise. The measured aerosol size distribution shows the predominance of small particles in the volcanic plume. Several cases of strong nucleation of sulfuric acid have been observed within the plume and at the distal site of the Maïdo observatory. The STRAP 2015 campaign provides a unique set of multi-disciplinary data that can now be used by modellers to improve the numerical parameterisations of the physical and chemical evolution of the volcanic plumes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)5355-5378
Numero di pagine24
RivistaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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volcanic aerosol
volcanic gas
plume
experiment
particle size
mixing ratio
sulfuric acid
nucleation
climatology
parameterization
volcanic eruption
observatory
extinction
aerosol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cita questo

Aiuppa, A., Portafaix, T., Di Muro, A., Kowalski, P., Metzger, J-M., Giudice, G., ... Sellegri, K. (2017). First results of the Piton de la Fournaise STRAP 2015 experiment: Multidisciplinary tracking of a volcanic gas and aerosol plume. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 5355-5378.

First results of the Piton de la Fournaise STRAP 2015 experiment: Multidisciplinary tracking of a volcanic gas and aerosol plume. / Aiuppa, Alessandro; Portafaix, Thierry; Di Muro, Andréa; Kowalski, Philippe; Metzger, Jean-Marc; Giudice, Gaetano; Brioude, Jérome; Sciare, Jean; Leclair De Bellevue, Jimmy; Barthe, Christelle; Arellano, Santiago; Villeneuve, Nicolas; Duflot, Valentin; Boissier, Patrice; Gabarrot, Franck; Galle, Bo; Tulet, Pierre; Brunet, Christophe; Denjean, Cyrielle; Pianezze, Joris; Marquestaut, Nicolas; Mékies, Dominique; Tournigand, Arnaud; Boudoire, Guillaume; Jeamblu, Fréderic; Guadagno, Christian; Foucart, Brice; Brunet, Christophe; Bourrianne, Thierry; Bhugwant, Chatrapatty; Colomb, Aurélie; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Cammas, Jean-Pierre; Burnet, Fréderic; Peltier, Aline; Bielli, Soline; Sellegri, Karine.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, 2017, pag. 5355-5378.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Aiuppa, A, Portafaix, T, Di Muro, A, Kowalski, P, Metzger, J-M, Giudice, G, Brioude, J, Sciare, J, Leclair De Bellevue, J, Barthe, C, Arellano, S, Villeneuve, N, Duflot, V, Boissier, P, Gabarrot, F, Galle, B, Tulet, P, Brunet, C, Denjean, C, Pianezze, J, Marquestaut, N, Mékies, D, Tournigand, A, Boudoire, G, Jeamblu, F, Guadagno, C, Foucart, B, Brunet, C, Bourrianne, T, Bhugwant, C, Colomb, A, Aiuppa, A, Cammas, J-P, Burnet, F, Peltier, A, Bielli, S & Sellegri, K 2017, 'First results of the Piton de la Fournaise STRAP 2015 experiment: Multidisciplinary tracking of a volcanic gas and aerosol plume', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 17, pagg. 5355-5378.
Aiuppa, Alessandro ; Portafaix, Thierry ; Di Muro, Andréa ; Kowalski, Philippe ; Metzger, Jean-Marc ; Giudice, Gaetano ; Brioude, Jérome ; Sciare, Jean ; Leclair De Bellevue, Jimmy ; Barthe, Christelle ; Arellano, Santiago ; Villeneuve, Nicolas ; Duflot, Valentin ; Boissier, Patrice ; Gabarrot, Franck ; Galle, Bo ; Tulet, Pierre ; Brunet, Christophe ; Denjean, Cyrielle ; Pianezze, Joris ; Marquestaut, Nicolas ; Mékies, Dominique ; Tournigand, Arnaud ; Boudoire, Guillaume ; Jeamblu, Fréderic ; Guadagno, Christian ; Foucart, Brice ; Brunet, Christophe ; Bourrianne, Thierry ; Bhugwant, Chatrapatty ; Colomb, Aurélie ; Aiuppa, Alessandro ; Cammas, Jean-Pierre ; Burnet, Fréderic ; Peltier, Aline ; Bielli, Soline ; Sellegri, Karine. / First results of the Piton de la Fournaise STRAP 2015 experiment: Multidisciplinary tracking of a volcanic gas and aerosol plume. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 17. pagg. 5355-5378.
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abstract = "The STRAP (Synergie Transdisciplinaire pour R{\~A}{\circledC}pondre aux Al{\~A}{\circledC}as li{\~A}{\circledC}s aux Panaches volcaniques) campaign was conducted over the entire year of 2015 to investigate the volcanic plumes of Piton de La Fournaise (La R{\~A}{\circledC}union, France). For the first time, measurements at the local (near the vent) and at the regional scales were conducted around the island. The STRAP 2015 campaign has become possible thanks to strong cross-disciplinary collaboration between volcanologists and meteorologists. The main observations during four eruptive periods (85 days) are summarised. They include the estimates of SO2, CO2 and H2O emissions, the altitude of the plume at the vent and over different areas of La R{\~A}{\circledC}union Island, the evolution of the SO2 concentration, the aerosol size distribution and the aerosol extinction profile. A climatology of the volcanic plume dispersion is also reported. Simulations and measurements show that the plumes formed by weak eruptions have a stronger interaction with the surface of the island. Strong SO2 mixing ratio and particle concentrations above 1000{\"A}{\^a}¬ppb and 50{\"A}{\^a}¬000{\"A}{\^a}¬cm{\"A}'3 respectively are frequently measured over a distance of 20{\"A}{\^a}¬km from Piton de la Fournaise. The measured aerosol size distribution shows the predominance of small particles in the volcanic plume. Several cases of strong nucleation of sulfuric acid have been observed within the plume and at the distal site of the Ma{\~A}¯do observatory. The STRAP 2015 campaign provides a unique set of multi-disciplinary data that can now be used by modellers to improve the numerical parameterisations of the physical and chemical evolution of the volcanic plumes.",
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author = "Alessandro Aiuppa and Thierry Portafaix and {Di Muro}, Andr{\'e}a and Philippe Kowalski and Jean-Marc Metzger and Gaetano Giudice and J{\'e}rome Brioude and Jean Sciare and {Leclair De Bellevue}, Jimmy and Christelle Barthe and Santiago Arellano and Nicolas Villeneuve and Valentin Duflot and Patrice Boissier and Franck Gabarrot and Bo Galle and Pierre Tulet and Christophe Brunet and Cyrielle Denjean and Joris Pianezze and Nicolas Marquestaut and Dominique M{\'e}kies and Arnaud Tournigand and Guillaume Boudoire and Fr{\'e}deric Jeamblu and Christian Guadagno and Brice Foucart and Christophe Brunet and Thierry Bourrianne and Chatrapatty Bhugwant and Aur{\'e}lie Colomb and Alessandro Aiuppa and Jean-Pierre Cammas and Fr{\'e}deric Burnet and Aline Peltier and Soline Bielli and Karine Sellegri",
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pages = "5355--5378",
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T1 - First results of the Piton de la Fournaise STRAP 2015 experiment: Multidisciplinary tracking of a volcanic gas and aerosol plume

AU - Aiuppa, Alessandro

AU - Portafaix, Thierry

AU - Di Muro, Andréa

AU - Kowalski, Philippe

AU - Metzger, Jean-Marc

AU - Giudice, Gaetano

AU - Brioude, Jérome

AU - Sciare, Jean

AU - Leclair De Bellevue, Jimmy

AU - Barthe, Christelle

AU - Arellano, Santiago

AU - Villeneuve, Nicolas

AU - Duflot, Valentin

AU - Boissier, Patrice

AU - Gabarrot, Franck

AU - Galle, Bo

AU - Tulet, Pierre

AU - Brunet, Christophe

AU - Denjean, Cyrielle

AU - Pianezze, Joris

AU - Marquestaut, Nicolas

AU - Mékies, Dominique

AU - Tournigand, Arnaud

AU - Boudoire, Guillaume

AU - Jeamblu, Fréderic

AU - Guadagno, Christian

AU - Foucart, Brice

AU - Brunet, Christophe

AU - Bourrianne, Thierry

AU - Bhugwant, Chatrapatty

AU - Colomb, Aurélie

AU - Aiuppa, Alessandro

AU - Cammas, Jean-Pierre

AU - Burnet, Fréderic

AU - Peltier, Aline

AU - Bielli, Soline

AU - Sellegri, Karine

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The STRAP (Synergie Transdisciplinaire pour Répondre aux Aléas liés aux Panaches volcaniques) campaign was conducted over the entire year of 2015 to investigate the volcanic plumes of Piton de La Fournaise (La Réunion, France). For the first time, measurements at the local (near the vent) and at the regional scales were conducted around the island. The STRAP 2015 campaign has become possible thanks to strong cross-disciplinary collaboration between volcanologists and meteorologists. The main observations during four eruptive periods (85 days) are summarised. They include the estimates of SO2, CO2 and H2O emissions, the altitude of the plume at the vent and over different areas of La Réunion Island, the evolution of the SO2 concentration, the aerosol size distribution and the aerosol extinction profile. A climatology of the volcanic plume dispersion is also reported. Simulations and measurements show that the plumes formed by weak eruptions have a stronger interaction with the surface of the island. Strong SO2 mixing ratio and particle concentrations above 1000Äâ¬ppb and 50Äâ¬000Äâ¬cmÄ'3 respectively are frequently measured over a distance of 20Äâ¬km from Piton de la Fournaise. The measured aerosol size distribution shows the predominance of small particles in the volcanic plume. Several cases of strong nucleation of sulfuric acid have been observed within the plume and at the distal site of the Maïdo observatory. The STRAP 2015 campaign provides a unique set of multi-disciplinary data that can now be used by modellers to improve the numerical parameterisations of the physical and chemical evolution of the volcanic plumes.

AB - The STRAP (Synergie Transdisciplinaire pour Répondre aux Aléas liés aux Panaches volcaniques) campaign was conducted over the entire year of 2015 to investigate the volcanic plumes of Piton de La Fournaise (La Réunion, France). For the first time, measurements at the local (near the vent) and at the regional scales were conducted around the island. The STRAP 2015 campaign has become possible thanks to strong cross-disciplinary collaboration between volcanologists and meteorologists. The main observations during four eruptive periods (85 days) are summarised. They include the estimates of SO2, CO2 and H2O emissions, the altitude of the plume at the vent and over different areas of La Réunion Island, the evolution of the SO2 concentration, the aerosol size distribution and the aerosol extinction profile. A climatology of the volcanic plume dispersion is also reported. Simulations and measurements show that the plumes formed by weak eruptions have a stronger interaction with the surface of the island. Strong SO2 mixing ratio and particle concentrations above 1000Äâ¬ppb and 50Äâ¬000Äâ¬cmÄ'3 respectively are frequently measured over a distance of 20Äâ¬km from Piton de la Fournaise. The measured aerosol size distribution shows the predominance of small particles in the volcanic plume. Several cases of strong nucleation of sulfuric acid have been observed within the plume and at the distal site of the Maïdo observatory. The STRAP 2015 campaign provides a unique set of multi-disciplinary data that can now be used by modellers to improve the numerical parameterisations of the physical and chemical evolution of the volcanic plumes.

KW - Atmospheric Science

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/251165

UR - http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/volumes_and_issues.html

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 5355

EP - 5378

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

ER -