First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus affecting zucchini squash in an important horticultural area of southern Italy

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Abstract

omato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) is a bipartite begomovirus (family Geminiviridae) which infects species in the families Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae (Padidam et al., 1995; Mizutani et al., 2011). Begomoviruses are transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci in a persistent manner (Rosen et al., 2015). In October 2015, severe symptoms not previously reported by growers in the horticultural area of the Province of Trapani (Sicily, Italy) were observed on zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo) in open fields. The symptoms included yellow mosaic, severe leaf curling, swelling of veins of young leaves, shortening of internodes, roughness of the skin of fruit and reduced fruit size; the symptoms were reminiscent of those caused by begomoviruses. Total DNA was extracted from young leaves of 22 plants by phenol/chloroform extraction and ethanol precipitation. PCR was performed with the A1F/A1R primer pair (Mizutani et al., 2011) for the DNA-A component and the pair described by Ruiz et al. (2015) for the DNA-B component to amplify a ~1200-bp fragment of DNA-A and a ~890 bp fragment of DNA-B, respectively. All 10 samples were positive by PCR with both primer pairs. No amplification products were obtained using primers specific for the monopartite begomoviruses Tomato yellow leaf curl virus and Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (Davino et al., 2008). DAS-ELISA analysis for Cucumber mosaic virus, Papaya ring spot virus and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (Loewe Phytodiagnostica, Germany) yielded negative results.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-1
Numero di pagine1
RivistaNew Disease Reports
Volume33
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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