This paper proposes a Maxwell’s equations finite difference time domain (FDTD) approach for electromagnetic transients in ground electrodes in order to take into account the non linear effects due to soil ionization. A time variable soil resistivity method is used in order to simulate the soil breakdown, without the formulation of an initial hypothesis about the geometrical shape of the ionized zone around the electrodes. The model has been validated by comparing the computed results with available data found in technical literature referred to concentrated earths. Some application examples referred to complex grounding systems are reported to show the computational capability of the proposed model.
|Numero di pagine||14|
|Rivista||APPLIED NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMPUTATIONAL MATHEMATICS|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2004|