Favorable clinical heart and bone effects of anti-thyroid drug therapy in endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism

Silvio Buscemi, Francesco Vitale, Salvatore Verga, Santina Cottone, Mannino, Panzavecchia, Vitale, D'Orio, Silvio Buscemi

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

24 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Although subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiac arrhythmias, its treatment is still controversial. This study was designed as a prospective, randomized, intervention, control-study with a 1-year follow-up in order to investigate whether normalization of serum TSH in SCH using methimazole has favorable bone and heart clinical effects. Fourteen patients with endogenous SCH (not Graves' disease) were enrolled, 7 (5 women/2 men; group T) were treated with methimazole (2.5-7.5 mg/day), and 7 (5 women/2 men; group C) were followed without treatment; 10 healthy subjects were also included in the study as controls. Serum free-T3 (FT3), free-T4 (FT4) and TSH, thyroid echography, bone stiffness index (SI), as measured by heel ultrasonometry, and 24-h electrocardiography monitoring were obtained. SCH patients exhibited higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than control subjects. They also had a significantly higher number of both ventricular premature beats (VPB) (mean+/-SEM: 681+/-238 vs 6+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.02) and atrial premature beats (APB) (mean+/-SEM: 495+/-331 vs 7+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.0001), and a lower SI (66+/-5 vs 96+/-3; p<0.001). Twelve months after normalization of TSH with the use of methimazole, the number of VPB decreased significantly (947+/-443 vs 214+/-109 beats/24 h; p<0.05) while it remained unchanged in untreated SCH patients (414+/-163 vs 487+/-152 beats/24 h; p=ns). An insignificant therapy effect was observed as far as APB were concerned (826+/-660 vs 144+/-75 beats/24 h; p=ns), however their number increased significantly in the untreated group (463+/-49 vs 215+/-46 beats/24 h; p<0.05). The SI increased significantly as a result of therapy in group T (64.1+/-4.8 vs 70.0+/-5.3; p<0.02) and was further reduced in group C at the end of the study (69.1+/-7.3 vs 62.9+/-7.1; p<0.001). No adverse effect was observed in group T. In conclusion, anti-thyroid therapy seems to have favor-able bone and heart clinical effects in subjects with endogenous SCH.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)230-235
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume30
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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