Favorable clinical heart and bone effects of anti-thyroid drug therapy in endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism

Silvio Buscemi, Salvatore Verga, Francesco Vitale, Santina Cottone, Mannino, Panzavecchia, Vitale, D'Orio, Silvio Buscemi

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Abstract

Although subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiac arrhythmias, its treatment is still controversial. This study was designed as a prospective, randomized, intervention, control-study with a 1-year follow-up in order to investigate whether normalization of serum TSH in SCH using methimazole has favorable bone and heart clinical effects. Fourteen patients with endogenous SCH (not Graves' disease) were enrolled, 7 (5 women/2 men; group T) were treated with methimazole (2.5-7.5 mg/day), and 7 (5 women/2 men; group C) were followed without treatment; 10 healthy subjects were also included in the study as controls. Serum free-T3 (FT3), free-T4 (FT4) and TSH, thyroid echography, bone stiffness index (SI), as measured by heel ultrasonometry, and 24-h electrocardiography monitoring were obtained. SCH patients exhibited higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than control subjects. They also had a significantly higher number of both ventricular premature beats (VPB) (mean+/-SEM: 681+/-238 vs 6+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.02) and atrial premature beats (APB) (mean+/-SEM: 495+/-331 vs 7+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.0001), and a lower SI (66+/-5 vs 96+/-3; p<0.001). Twelve months after normalization of TSH with the use of methimazole, the number of VPB decreased significantly (947+/-443 vs 214+/-109 beats/24 h; p<0.05) while it remained unchanged in untreated SCH patients (414+/-163 vs 487+/-152 beats/24 h; p=ns). An insignificant therapy effect was observed as far as APB were concerned (826+/-660 vs 144+/-75 beats/24 h; p=ns), however their number increased significantly in the untreated group (463+/-49 vs 215+/-46 beats/24 h; p<0.05). The SI increased significantly as a result of therapy in group T (64.1+/-4.8 vs 70.0+/-5.3; p<0.02) and was further reduced in group C at the end of the study (69.1+/-7.3 vs 62.9+/-7.1; p<0.001). No adverse effect was observed in group T. In conclusion, anti-thyroid therapy seems to have favor-able bone and heart clinical effects in subjects with endogenous SCH.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)230-235
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume30
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

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Hyperthyroidism
Thyroid Gland
Methimazole
Bone and Bones
Drug Therapy
Atrial Premature Complexes
Ventricular Premature Complexes
Blood Pressure
Heel
Graves Disease
Therapeutics
Group Psychotherapy
Serum
Osteoporosis
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Ultrasonography
Healthy Volunteers
Electrocardiography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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@article{0f30b9b8d9ca44ca9f16a2cffd30ae6d,
title = "Favorable clinical heart and bone effects of anti-thyroid drug therapy in endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism",
abstract = "Although subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiac arrhythmias, its treatment is still controversial. This study was designed as a prospective, randomized, intervention, control-study with a 1-year follow-up in order to investigate whether normalization of serum TSH in SCH using methimazole has favorable bone and heart clinical effects. Fourteen patients with endogenous SCH (not Graves' disease) were enrolled, 7 (5 women/2 men; group T) were treated with methimazole (2.5-7.5 mg/day), and 7 (5 women/2 men; group C) were followed without treatment; 10 healthy subjects were also included in the study as controls. Serum free-T3 (FT3), free-T4 (FT4) and TSH, thyroid echography, bone stiffness index (SI), as measured by heel ultrasonometry, and 24-h electrocardiography monitoring were obtained. SCH patients exhibited higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than control subjects. They also had a significantly higher number of both ventricular premature beats (VPB) (mean+/-SEM: 681+/-238 vs 6+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.02) and atrial premature beats (APB) (mean+/-SEM: 495+/-331 vs 7+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.0001), and a lower SI (66+/-5 vs 96+/-3; p<0.001). Twelve months after normalization of TSH with the use of methimazole, the number of VPB decreased significantly (947+/-443 vs 214+/-109 beats/24 h; p<0.05) while it remained unchanged in untreated SCH patients (414+/-163 vs 487+/-152 beats/24 h; p=ns). An insignificant therapy effect was observed as far as APB were concerned (826+/-660 vs 144+/-75 beats/24 h; p=ns), however their number increased significantly in the untreated group (463+/-49 vs 215+/-46 beats/24 h; p<0.05). The SI increased significantly as a result of therapy in group T (64.1+/-4.8 vs 70.0+/-5.3; p<0.02) and was further reduced in group C at the end of the study (69.1+/-7.3 vs 62.9+/-7.1; p<0.001). No adverse effect was observed in group T. In conclusion, anti-thyroid therapy seems to have favor-able bone and heart clinical effects in subjects with endogenous SCH.",
keywords = "Heart",
author = "Silvio Buscemi and Salvatore Verga and Francesco Vitale and Santina Cottone and Mannino and Panzavecchia and Vitale and D'Orio and Silvio Buscemi",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "230--235",
journal = "Journal of Endocrinological Investigation",
issn = "0391-4097",
publisher = "Editrice Kurtis s.r.l.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Favorable clinical heart and bone effects of anti-thyroid drug therapy in endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism

AU - Buscemi, Silvio

AU - Verga, Salvatore

AU - Vitale, Francesco

AU - Cottone, Santina

AU - Mannino, null

AU - Panzavecchia, null

AU - Vitale, null

AU - D'Orio, null

AU - Buscemi, Silvio

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Although subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiac arrhythmias, its treatment is still controversial. This study was designed as a prospective, randomized, intervention, control-study with a 1-year follow-up in order to investigate whether normalization of serum TSH in SCH using methimazole has favorable bone and heart clinical effects. Fourteen patients with endogenous SCH (not Graves' disease) were enrolled, 7 (5 women/2 men; group T) were treated with methimazole (2.5-7.5 mg/day), and 7 (5 women/2 men; group C) were followed without treatment; 10 healthy subjects were also included in the study as controls. Serum free-T3 (FT3), free-T4 (FT4) and TSH, thyroid echography, bone stiffness index (SI), as measured by heel ultrasonometry, and 24-h electrocardiography monitoring were obtained. SCH patients exhibited higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than control subjects. They also had a significantly higher number of both ventricular premature beats (VPB) (mean+/-SEM: 681+/-238 vs 6+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.02) and atrial premature beats (APB) (mean+/-SEM: 495+/-331 vs 7+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.0001), and a lower SI (66+/-5 vs 96+/-3; p<0.001). Twelve months after normalization of TSH with the use of methimazole, the number of VPB decreased significantly (947+/-443 vs 214+/-109 beats/24 h; p<0.05) while it remained unchanged in untreated SCH patients (414+/-163 vs 487+/-152 beats/24 h; p=ns). An insignificant therapy effect was observed as far as APB were concerned (826+/-660 vs 144+/-75 beats/24 h; p=ns), however their number increased significantly in the untreated group (463+/-49 vs 215+/-46 beats/24 h; p<0.05). The SI increased significantly as a result of therapy in group T (64.1+/-4.8 vs 70.0+/-5.3; p<0.02) and was further reduced in group C at the end of the study (69.1+/-7.3 vs 62.9+/-7.1; p<0.001). No adverse effect was observed in group T. In conclusion, anti-thyroid therapy seems to have favor-able bone and heart clinical effects in subjects with endogenous SCH.

AB - Although subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiac arrhythmias, its treatment is still controversial. This study was designed as a prospective, randomized, intervention, control-study with a 1-year follow-up in order to investigate whether normalization of serum TSH in SCH using methimazole has favorable bone and heart clinical effects. Fourteen patients with endogenous SCH (not Graves' disease) were enrolled, 7 (5 women/2 men; group T) were treated with methimazole (2.5-7.5 mg/day), and 7 (5 women/2 men; group C) were followed without treatment; 10 healthy subjects were also included in the study as controls. Serum free-T3 (FT3), free-T4 (FT4) and TSH, thyroid echography, bone stiffness index (SI), as measured by heel ultrasonometry, and 24-h electrocardiography monitoring were obtained. SCH patients exhibited higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than control subjects. They also had a significantly higher number of both ventricular premature beats (VPB) (mean+/-SEM: 681+/-238 vs 6+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.02) and atrial premature beats (APB) (mean+/-SEM: 495+/-331 vs 7+/-2 beats/24 h; p<0.0001), and a lower SI (66+/-5 vs 96+/-3; p<0.001). Twelve months after normalization of TSH with the use of methimazole, the number of VPB decreased significantly (947+/-443 vs 214+/-109 beats/24 h; p<0.05) while it remained unchanged in untreated SCH patients (414+/-163 vs 487+/-152 beats/24 h; p=ns). An insignificant therapy effect was observed as far as APB were concerned (826+/-660 vs 144+/-75 beats/24 h; p=ns), however their number increased significantly in the untreated group (463+/-49 vs 215+/-46 beats/24 h; p<0.05). The SI increased significantly as a result of therapy in group T (64.1+/-4.8 vs 70.0+/-5.3; p<0.02) and was further reduced in group C at the end of the study (69.1+/-7.3 vs 62.9+/-7.1; p<0.001). No adverse effect was observed in group T. In conclusion, anti-thyroid therapy seems to have favor-able bone and heart clinical effects in subjects with endogenous SCH.

KW - Heart

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/3260

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 230

EP - 235

JO - Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

JF - Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

SN - 0391-4097

ER -