Fatigue resistance of fiber post and cement/build-up materials.

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Objectives:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fatigue resistance to cycling loading of teeth restored with fiber post anddifferent build-up systems. Methods: Forty human, sound single-rooted teeth were selected and stored in 0.02% thymol solution.The crowns were removed by cutting the teeth at the cement-enamel junction, thereafter endodontic treatment was performedusing the vertical condensation technique. The roots were partially embedded in epoxy resin and randomly assigned to fourgroups. The specimens were restored with the same type of quartz fiber posts (DT Light Post, RTD, Grenoble, France), butdifferent cements and build-up systems were used: 1)All-Bond2+C&amp;B Cement+Bis-Core (Bisco, USA); 2)All-Bond2+Bisfil 2B; 3)Scotchbond1+RelyX Unicem+Supreme(3M ESPE, Germany); 4)Scotchbond1+RelyX ARC+Supreme. The restored teeth weresubjected to 2millions fatigue cycles ranging from 3 to 100N, under 37±3°C water irrigation applying the force on the build-up witha 45° angle. After the cycling they were immersed in basic fuchsin for 24 hours for interface failure detection. Subsequently, thespecimen were loaded with an Instron machine until complete fracture occurred, and the surfaces observed under thestereomicroscope. Results: After the cycling loading, one specimen collapsed in group 1, 2, and 3. No failures were recorded ingroup 4. No statistically significant difference between groups was found with Kruskal-Wallis test (P>0.05). All the specimensshowed various degrees of die penetration along the restoration interfaces, mainly between the dentin and the composite build -up.The lingual side of the teeth, were the load applied developed a tensile stress, showed a significantly (P<0.01) higher interfacefailure rate when compared to the buccal side. Conclusions: Although all the restoration systems appeared resistant to fatiguestress, microleakage revealed that interface failures may occur without causing any macroscopically evident breakdown.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2004


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