The aim of our study was to analyze the difference of phenotype in healthy soccer players with family history of type 2 diabetes and healthy soccer players without family history of type 2 diabetes. The anthropometric parameters and body composition was analysed. The group with positive family history (FH+) had the highest values of wrist circumference (p<0.05) associated with not statistically significant increase of body fat mass and fat free mass. Also, the heart function was analysed. FH+ players had a diastolic basal pressure values higher than other group, but other functional parameters were the same. Analysing lung function indicators, FH+ players showed significant greater FEV1 and FVC values for kilogram of body weight than other group (p<0.01). In conclusion, we can suppose that the family history to type 2 diabetes can induce precocious phenotype variations also in athletes. More great studies are necessary to confirm these data and to verify preventive interventions promoting significant life-style changes in these risk groups.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Rivista||ITALIAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCES|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|