Family history of type 2 diabetes and altered maximal aerobic capacity in elite young athletes: a cross-sectional study.

Gennaro Gravante, Gravante, Francesco Pomara, Francesco Pomara

    Risultato della ricerca: Article

    Abstract

    Aim. Family history of type 2 diabetes is a predictive risk factor of illness in sedentary subjects and induces early phenotypic and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to determine whether a family history of diabetes in young male athletes had an effect on metabolic functional parameters. Methods. The study population was 42 young male athletes with or without a family history of type 2 diabetes. Anthropometric parameters, body composition, and maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2max) were assessed. Results. V̇O2max was lower in the 13 athletes with a family history of diabetes (FH+) than in the 29 athletes without a family history of the disorder (FH-) matched for kilogram of body weight and fat-free mass (P <0.05, respectively). The mean increase in V̇O2max was lower in the FH+ athletes than in that of the FH- athletes (15% vs 28%), compared to respective theoretical values. Conclusion. Family history of type 2 diabetes can limit the positive metabolic adjustments induced by physical activity and should be considered a risk factor in prevention interventions.
    Lingua originaleEnglish
    pagine (da-a)57-64
    Numero di pagine8
    RivistaDefault journal
    Volume61
    Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

    Fingerprint

    Athletes
    Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Body Composition
    Adipose Tissue
    Body Weight
    Exercise
    Population

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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    Family history of type 2 diabetes and altered maximal aerobic capacity in elite young athletes: a cross-sectional study. / Gravante, Gennaro; Gravante; Pomara, Francesco; Pomara, Francesco.

    In: Default journal, Vol. 61, 2008, pag. 57-64.

    Risultato della ricerca: Article

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    abstract = "Aim. Family history of type 2 diabetes is a predictive risk factor of illness in sedentary subjects and induces early phenotypic and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to determine whether a family history of diabetes in young male athletes had an effect on metabolic functional parameters. Methods. The study population was 42 young male athletes with or without a family history of type 2 diabetes. Anthropometric parameters, body composition, and maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2max) were assessed. Results. V̇O2max was lower in the 13 athletes with a family history of diabetes (FH+) than in the 29 athletes without a family history of the disorder (FH-) matched for kilogram of body weight and fat-free mass (P <0.05, respectively). The mean increase in V̇O2max was lower in the FH+ athletes than in that of the FH- athletes (15{\%} vs 28{\%}), compared to respective theoretical values. Conclusion. Family history of type 2 diabetes can limit the positive metabolic adjustments induced by physical activity and should be considered a risk factor in prevention interventions.",
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    AU - Gravante, null

    AU - Pomara, Francesco

    AU - Pomara, Francesco

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - Aim. Family history of type 2 diabetes is a predictive risk factor of illness in sedentary subjects and induces early phenotypic and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to determine whether a family history of diabetes in young male athletes had an effect on metabolic functional parameters. Methods. The study population was 42 young male athletes with or without a family history of type 2 diabetes. Anthropometric parameters, body composition, and maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2max) were assessed. Results. V̇O2max was lower in the 13 athletes with a family history of diabetes (FH+) than in the 29 athletes without a family history of the disorder (FH-) matched for kilogram of body weight and fat-free mass (P <0.05, respectively). The mean increase in V̇O2max was lower in the FH+ athletes than in that of the FH- athletes (15% vs 28%), compared to respective theoretical values. Conclusion. Family history of type 2 diabetes can limit the positive metabolic adjustments induced by physical activity and should be considered a risk factor in prevention interventions.

    AB - Aim. Family history of type 2 diabetes is a predictive risk factor of illness in sedentary subjects and induces early phenotypic and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to determine whether a family history of diabetes in young male athletes had an effect on metabolic functional parameters. Methods. The study population was 42 young male athletes with or without a family history of type 2 diabetes. Anthropometric parameters, body composition, and maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2max) were assessed. Results. V̇O2max was lower in the 13 athletes with a family history of diabetes (FH+) than in the 29 athletes without a family history of the disorder (FH-) matched for kilogram of body weight and fat-free mass (P <0.05, respectively). The mean increase in V̇O2max was lower in the FH+ athletes than in that of the FH- athletes (15% vs 28%), compared to respective theoretical values. Conclusion. Family history of type 2 diabetes can limit the positive metabolic adjustments induced by physical activity and should be considered a risk factor in prevention interventions.

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