Factors associated with reporting adverse reactions after immunization, study in a sample of university students

Omar Enzo Santangelo, Alberto Firenze, Daniele Domenico Raia, Sandro Provenzano

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1 Citazione (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. On the day of a workshop (named "Vaccino Day") on vaccinations, organized for the students of the University of Palermo by the ERSU (Regional Office for the Right to University Study), the sample of students were given a questionnaire to fill out. The aim of the survey was to investigate the perception of vaccinations on a sample population made up of university students. Materials and Methods. A self-administered paper questionnaire was given to participants of the workshop. The questionnaire is divided into 3 parts: demographic, economic and habits informations have been asked in the first part in the second part, they had to answer the question: "What term do you associate with vaccination?" in the third part, they were posed the question: "Have you ever had any adverse reactions after being vaccinated?". Therefore, the percentage response frequencies and the statistically significant Odds-Ratio (aOR) are presented with a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA® 14 software. Results. A total of 350 students were asked to participate and the response rate was 100%, the 61.43% of the interviewed population was made up of females. Taking into account the dependent variable: "at least a moderate-severe adverse reaction after a vaccination" the statistically significant independent variables associated are "Have fear of side effects" (aOR 7.06, 95% CI 1.73-28.57, p=0.006), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Needles/syringes" (aOR 3.82, 95% CI 1.08-13.48, p=0.037), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Protection" (aOR 3.50, 95% CI 1.02-11.98, p=0.046). Discussions and Conclusions. Vaccination is still influenced by emotional factors and lack of campaigns providing adequate information, therefore negative judgement tend to outweigh the real risks and benefits. Considering that the sample was composed of university students, being highly educated and capable of becoming opinion leaders in the future, there is a need to create a more efficient communication protocol that make the student, and then the citizen, better aware of the actual risks associated with vaccinations and their real benefits.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)436-442
Numero di pagine7
RivistaANNALI DI IGIENE MEDICINA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITÀ
Volume30
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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Immunization
Vaccination
Students
Confidence Intervals
Education
Syringes
Population
Habits
Fear
Needles
Software
Odds Ratio
Communication
Economics
Demography
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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@article{04ca1197bbee44f9a254201f09ef7bc8,
title = "Factors associated with reporting adverse reactions after immunization, study in a sample of university students",
abstract = "Introduction. On the day of a workshop (named {"}Vaccino Day{"}) on vaccinations, organized for the students of the University of Palermo by the ERSU (Regional Office for the Right to University Study), the sample of students were given a questionnaire to fill out. The aim of the survey was to investigate the perception of vaccinations on a sample population made up of university students. Materials and Methods. A self-administered paper questionnaire was given to participants of the workshop. The questionnaire is divided into 3 parts: demographic, economic and habits informations have been asked in the first part in the second part, they had to answer the question: {"}What term do you associate with vaccination?{"} in the third part, they were posed the question: {"}Have you ever had any adverse reactions after being vaccinated?{"}. Therefore, the percentage response frequencies and the statistically significant Odds-Ratio (aOR) are presented with a corresponding 95{\%} confidence interval (CI). Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA{\circledR} 14 software. Results. A total of 350 students were asked to participate and the response rate was 100{\%}, the 61.43{\%} of the interviewed population was made up of females. Taking into account the dependent variable: {"}at least a moderate-severe adverse reaction after a vaccination{"} the statistically significant independent variables associated are {"}Have fear of side effects{"} (aOR 7.06, 95{\%} CI 1.73-28.57, p=0.006), {"}I associate the term {"}vaccination{"} to Needles/syringes{"} (aOR 3.82, 95{\%} CI 1.08-13.48, p=0.037), {"}I associate the term {"}vaccination{"} to Protection{"} (aOR 3.50, 95{\%} CI 1.02-11.98, p=0.046). Discussions and Conclusions. Vaccination is still influenced by emotional factors and lack of campaigns providing adequate information, therefore negative judgement tend to outweigh the real risks and benefits. Considering that the sample was composed of university students, being highly educated and capable of becoming opinion leaders in the future, there is a need to create a more efficient communication protocol that make the student, and then the citizen, better aware of the actual risks associated with vaccinations and their real benefits.",
author = "Santangelo, {Omar Enzo} and Alberto Firenze and Raia, {Daniele Domenico} and Sandro Provenzano",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "436--442",
journal = "Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita",
issn = "1120-9135",
publisher = "Societa Editrice Universo",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with reporting adverse reactions after immunization, study in a sample of university students

AU - Santangelo, Omar Enzo

AU - Firenze, Alberto

AU - Raia, Daniele Domenico

AU - Provenzano, Sandro

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Introduction. On the day of a workshop (named "Vaccino Day") on vaccinations, organized for the students of the University of Palermo by the ERSU (Regional Office for the Right to University Study), the sample of students were given a questionnaire to fill out. The aim of the survey was to investigate the perception of vaccinations on a sample population made up of university students. Materials and Methods. A self-administered paper questionnaire was given to participants of the workshop. The questionnaire is divided into 3 parts: demographic, economic and habits informations have been asked in the first part in the second part, they had to answer the question: "What term do you associate with vaccination?" in the third part, they were posed the question: "Have you ever had any adverse reactions after being vaccinated?". Therefore, the percentage response frequencies and the statistically significant Odds-Ratio (aOR) are presented with a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA® 14 software. Results. A total of 350 students were asked to participate and the response rate was 100%, the 61.43% of the interviewed population was made up of females. Taking into account the dependent variable: "at least a moderate-severe adverse reaction after a vaccination" the statistically significant independent variables associated are "Have fear of side effects" (aOR 7.06, 95% CI 1.73-28.57, p=0.006), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Needles/syringes" (aOR 3.82, 95% CI 1.08-13.48, p=0.037), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Protection" (aOR 3.50, 95% CI 1.02-11.98, p=0.046). Discussions and Conclusions. Vaccination is still influenced by emotional factors and lack of campaigns providing adequate information, therefore negative judgement tend to outweigh the real risks and benefits. Considering that the sample was composed of university students, being highly educated and capable of becoming opinion leaders in the future, there is a need to create a more efficient communication protocol that make the student, and then the citizen, better aware of the actual risks associated with vaccinations and their real benefits.

AB - Introduction. On the day of a workshop (named "Vaccino Day") on vaccinations, organized for the students of the University of Palermo by the ERSU (Regional Office for the Right to University Study), the sample of students were given a questionnaire to fill out. The aim of the survey was to investigate the perception of vaccinations on a sample population made up of university students. Materials and Methods. A self-administered paper questionnaire was given to participants of the workshop. The questionnaire is divided into 3 parts: demographic, economic and habits informations have been asked in the first part in the second part, they had to answer the question: "What term do you associate with vaccination?" in the third part, they were posed the question: "Have you ever had any adverse reactions after being vaccinated?". Therefore, the percentage response frequencies and the statistically significant Odds-Ratio (aOR) are presented with a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA® 14 software. Results. A total of 350 students were asked to participate and the response rate was 100%, the 61.43% of the interviewed population was made up of females. Taking into account the dependent variable: "at least a moderate-severe adverse reaction after a vaccination" the statistically significant independent variables associated are "Have fear of side effects" (aOR 7.06, 95% CI 1.73-28.57, p=0.006), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Needles/syringes" (aOR 3.82, 95% CI 1.08-13.48, p=0.037), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Protection" (aOR 3.50, 95% CI 1.02-11.98, p=0.046). Discussions and Conclusions. Vaccination is still influenced by emotional factors and lack of campaigns providing adequate information, therefore negative judgement tend to outweigh the real risks and benefits. Considering that the sample was composed of university students, being highly educated and capable of becoming opinion leaders in the future, there is a need to create a more efficient communication protocol that make the student, and then the citizen, better aware of the actual risks associated with vaccinations and their real benefits.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/366655

UR - http://www.seu-roma.it/riviste/annali_igiene/open_access/articoli/30-05-09-Provenzano.pdf

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 436

EP - 442

JO - Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita

JF - Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita

SN - 1120-9135

ER -