Experimental Study of Central Baffle Flume

Vito Ferro, Costanza Di Stefano, Bijankhan, A. Mahdavi Mazdeh, F. Lotfi Kolavani

Risultato della ricerca: Article

1 Citazione (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the hydraulics of a central baffle flume (CBF) were experimentally studied. Extensive experimental runs were carriedout to highlight the effects of different geometrical parameters such as baffle length, contraction ratio, and the length of upstream and downstreamguide walls. Two different approaches, i.e., the Π theorem of dimensional analysis coupled with the incomplete self-similarity theoryand the energy balance equation, were applied to deduce the stage–discharge formula of a CBF characterized by different geometrical parameters.The stage–discharge relationship deduced by the dimensional analysis approach was more accurate than that obtained by the energyapproach. Furthermore, the dimensional analysis approach has the advantage of calculating discharge values explicitly. The measurementsdemonstrated that the flow capacity of a CBF decreased with increasing values of the central baffle length. The experiments also showed thata central baffle flume with an apex angle of 75° for upstream guide walls provides suitable hydraulic conditions at the flume entrance. Theexistence of downstream guide walls did not affect the stage–discharge relationship. In order to distinguish between the free and submergedflow conditions and to determine the modular limit of the flume, the dimensional analysis approach and the momentum balance method wereused to formulate the submergence threshold. The analysis showed that the best model to describe the submergence threshold condition wasobtained by dimensional analysis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)04019002-
Numero di pagine14
RivistaJOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING
Volume145
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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experimental study
submergence
Hydraulics
fluid mechanics
Energy balance
Momentum
momentum
energy balance
hydraulics
Experiments
contraction
analysis
methodology
experiment
parameter

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cita questo

Experimental Study of Central Baffle Flume. / Ferro, Vito; Di Stefano, Costanza; Bijankhan; Mazdeh, A. Mahdavi; Kolavani, F. Lotfi.

In: JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING, Vol. 145, 2019, pag. 04019002-.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Ferro, V, Di Stefano, C, Bijankhan, Mazdeh, AM & Kolavani, FL 2019, 'Experimental Study of Central Baffle Flume', JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING, vol. 145, pagg. 04019002-.
Ferro, Vito ; Di Stefano, Costanza ; Bijankhan ; Mazdeh, A. Mahdavi ; Kolavani, F. Lotfi. / Experimental Study of Central Baffle Flume. In: JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING. 2019 ; Vol. 145. pagg. 04019002-.
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abstract = "In this paper, the hydraulics of a central baffle flume (CBF) were experimentally studied. Extensive experimental runs were carriedout to highlight the effects of different geometrical parameters such as baffle length, contraction ratio, and the length of upstream and downstreamguide walls. Two different approaches, i.e., the Π theorem of dimensional analysis coupled with the incomplete self-similarity theoryand the energy balance equation, were applied to deduce the stage–discharge formula of a CBF characterized by different geometrical parameters.The stage–discharge relationship deduced by the dimensional analysis approach was more accurate than that obtained by the energyapproach. Furthermore, the dimensional analysis approach has the advantage of calculating discharge values explicitly. The measurementsdemonstrated that the flow capacity of a CBF decreased with increasing values of the central baffle length. The experiments also showed thata central baffle flume with an apex angle of 75° for upstream guide walls provides suitable hydraulic conditions at the flume entrance. Theexistence of downstream guide walls did not affect the stage–discharge relationship. In order to distinguish between the free and submergedflow conditions and to determine the modular limit of the flume, the dimensional analysis approach and the momentum balance method wereused to formulate the submergence threshold. The analysis showed that the best model to describe the submergence threshold condition wasobtained by dimensional analysis.",
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AB - In this paper, the hydraulics of a central baffle flume (CBF) were experimentally studied. Extensive experimental runs were carriedout to highlight the effects of different geometrical parameters such as baffle length, contraction ratio, and the length of upstream and downstreamguide walls. Two different approaches, i.e., the Π theorem of dimensional analysis coupled with the incomplete self-similarity theoryand the energy balance equation, were applied to deduce the stage–discharge formula of a CBF characterized by different geometrical parameters.The stage–discharge relationship deduced by the dimensional analysis approach was more accurate than that obtained by the energyapproach. Furthermore, the dimensional analysis approach has the advantage of calculating discharge values explicitly. The measurementsdemonstrated that the flow capacity of a CBF decreased with increasing values of the central baffle length. The experiments also showed thata central baffle flume with an apex angle of 75° for upstream guide walls provides suitable hydraulic conditions at the flume entrance. Theexistence of downstream guide walls did not affect the stage–discharge relationship. In order to distinguish between the free and submergedflow conditions and to determine the modular limit of the flume, the dimensional analysis approach and the momentum balance method wereused to formulate the submergence threshold. The analysis showed that the best model to describe the submergence threshold condition wasobtained by dimensional analysis.

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