A reliable and optimized design of channels for Membrane Distillation (MD) requires knowledge of local temperature distributions within the module. This information is essential to measure the temperature polarization, choice the module configuration (net spacer features, channel size, etc) providing the best process performance. Notwithstanding such crucial aspects, only few studies have been devoted to the experimental characterization of MD channels and none of them includes data on the local temperature distribution. In the present work, an experimental technique based on the use of Thermochromic Liquid Crystals (TLCs) and digital image processing, previously proposed by the authors (Pitò et al., 2011), was further developed and employed in order to measure the temperature and local heat transfer coefficient distribution on the membrane surface in a MD spacer-filled channel. The performance of different types of commercial net spacers were tested. The channel provided with the symmetric net spacer was found to be the configuration leading to the best heat transfer and to the lowest temperature polarization.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|
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