Exosomes released by k562 chronic myeloid leukemia cells promote endothelial cell tubular differentiation through uptake and cell-to-cell transfer

Giacomo De Leo, Anna Maria Flugy Pape', Simona Taverna, Riccardo Alessandro, Marco Mineo, Elise C. Kohn, Susan H. Garfield, Marco Mineo

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

164 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Exosomes, microvesicles of endocytic originreleased by normal and tumor cells, play an important role in cell-to-cell ommunication. Angiogenesis has been shown to regulate progression of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The mechanism through which this happens has not been elucidated. We isolated and characterized exosomes from K562 CML cells and evaluated their effects on humanumbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs). Fluorescent-labeled exosomes were nternalized by HUVECs during tubulardifferentiation on Matrigel. Exosome localization was perinuclear early in differentiation, moving peripherally in cellsundergoing elongation and connection. Exosomes move within and between nanotubular structures connecting the remodeling endothelial cells. They stimulated angiotubeformation over a serum/growth factor-limited medium control,doubling total cumulative tube length (P = 0.003). Treatment of K562 cells with two clinically active tyrosinekinase inhibitors, imatinib and dasatinib, reduced their total exosome release (P\0.009); equivalent concentrations ofdrug-treated exosomes induced a similar extent of tubular differentiation. However, dasatinib treatment of HUVECs markedly inhibited HUVEC response to drug control CMLexosomes (P\0.002). In an in vivo mouse matrigel plug model angiogenesis was induced by K562 exosomes and abrogated by oral dasatinib treatment (P\0.01). K562 exosomes induced dasatinib-sensitive Src phosphorylation and activation of downstream Src pathway proteins in HUVECs.Imatinib was minimally active against exosomestimulation of HUVEC cell differentiation and signaling.Thus, CML cell-derived exosomes induce angiogenic activity in HUVEC cells. The inhibitory effect of dasatinib on exosome production and vascular differentiation andsignaling reveals a key role for Src in both the leukemia and its microenvironment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)33-45
Numero di pagine13
RivistaAngiogenesis
Volume15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research

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