Evolution of organic carbon pools and microbial diversity in hyperarid anthropogenic soils

Carmelo Dazzi, Benedetta Camilli, Stefano Mocali, Maria Teresa Dell'Abate, Arturo Fabiani

Risultato della ricerca: Article

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the organic carbon pools and the microbial diversity and activity in anthropogenic terraced soils in a desert area of Southern Peru to highlight how the introduction of agriculture influences carbon evolution and storage and genetic and functional diversity of soil microbiota over time. Five sites were selected considering soils cultivated since 5, 15, 20, 35 and 65 years, sampled along the profile depth (0e20 and 20e40 cm layer). Soil and microbial parameters comprised by organic carbon pools, microbial respiration, microbial community physiological profile (CLPP) and microbial diversity (PCR-DGGE) were determined. The results showed that the highest C concentrations were reached after a long cultivation time (P65), at both depths. In this site Corg was mainly composed by chemically not extractable C, considered the most stabilized fraction. The remaining extractable C fraction decreased with the depth and was mainly made up of highly mineralizable compounds. Data showed that human transformations has affected organic carbon pools only after several decades of cultivation, whereas the activity and structure of the microbial community changed gradually over time, showing the major differences between the most ancient (65 years) and the most recent (5 years) anthropized soils.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)318-331
Numero di pagine14
RivistaJournal of Arid Environments
Volume124
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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carbon sinks
organic carbon
microbial communities
desert soils
soil
functional diversity
microbial community
Peru
agriculture
genetic variation
respiration
desert

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Ecology

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Evolution of organic carbon pools and microbial diversity in hyperarid anthropogenic soils. / Dazzi, Carmelo; Camilli, Benedetta; Mocali, Stefano; Dell'Abate, Maria Teresa; Fabiani, Arturo.

In: Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 124, 2016, pag. 318-331.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Dazzi, Carmelo ; Camilli, Benedetta ; Mocali, Stefano ; Dell'Abate, Maria Teresa ; Fabiani, Arturo. / Evolution of organic carbon pools and microbial diversity in hyperarid anthropogenic soils. In: Journal of Arid Environments. 2016 ; Vol. 124. pagg. 318-331.
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AU - Fabiani, Arturo

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - We investigated the organic carbon pools and the microbial diversity and activity in anthropogenic terraced soils in a desert area of Southern Peru to highlight how the introduction of agriculture influences carbon evolution and storage and genetic and functional diversity of soil microbiota over time. Five sites were selected considering soils cultivated since 5, 15, 20, 35 and 65 years, sampled along the profile depth (0e20 and 20e40 cm layer). Soil and microbial parameters comprised by organic carbon pools, microbial respiration, microbial community physiological profile (CLPP) and microbial diversity (PCR-DGGE) were determined. The results showed that the highest C concentrations were reached after a long cultivation time (P65), at both depths. In this site Corg was mainly composed by chemically not extractable C, considered the most stabilized fraction. The remaining extractable C fraction decreased with the depth and was mainly made up of highly mineralizable compounds. Data showed that human transformations has affected organic carbon pools only after several decades of cultivation, whereas the activity and structure of the microbial community changed gradually over time, showing the major differences between the most ancient (65 years) and the most recent (5 years) anthropized soils.

AB - We investigated the organic carbon pools and the microbial diversity and activity in anthropogenic terraced soils in a desert area of Southern Peru to highlight how the introduction of agriculture influences carbon evolution and storage and genetic and functional diversity of soil microbiota over time. Five sites were selected considering soils cultivated since 5, 15, 20, 35 and 65 years, sampled along the profile depth (0e20 and 20e40 cm layer). Soil and microbial parameters comprised by organic carbon pools, microbial respiration, microbial community physiological profile (CLPP) and microbial diversity (PCR-DGGE) were determined. The results showed that the highest C concentrations were reached after a long cultivation time (P65), at both depths. In this site Corg was mainly composed by chemically not extractable C, considered the most stabilized fraction. The remaining extractable C fraction decreased with the depth and was mainly made up of highly mineralizable compounds. Data showed that human transformations has affected organic carbon pools only after several decades of cultivation, whereas the activity and structure of the microbial community changed gradually over time, showing the major differences between the most ancient (65 years) and the most recent (5 years) anthropized soils.

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