Evolution of indigenous starter microorganisms and physicochemical parameters in spontaneously fermented beef, horse, wild boar and pork salamis produced under controlled conditions

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Abstract

The present work was carried out to evaluate the microbiological and physicochemical composition of salamis produced with the meat of beef, horse, wild boar and pork. Salami productions occurred under controlled laboratory conditions to exclude butchery environmental contaminations, without the addition of nitrate and nitrite. All trials were monitored during the ripening (13 °C and 90% relative humidity) extended until 45 d. The evolution of physicochemical parameters showed that beef and pork salamis were characterized by a higher content of branched chain fatty acids (FA) and rumenic acid than horse and wild boar salamis, whereas the last two productions showed higher values of secondary lipid oxidation. Plate counts showed that lactic acid bacteria (LAB), yeasts and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) populations dominated the microbial community of all productions with Lactobacillus and Staphylococcus as most frequently isolated bacteria. The microbial diversity evaluated by MiSeq Illumina showed the presence of members of Gammaproteobacteria phylum, Moraxellaceae family, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Carnobacterium and Enterococcus in all salamis. This study showed the natural evolution of indigenous fermented meat starter cultures and confirmed a higher suitability of horse and beef meat for nitrate/nitrite free salami production due to their hygienic quality at 30 d.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine12
RivistaDefault journal
Volume87
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

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salami
wild boars
pork
beef
microorganisms
horses
nitrites
Moraxellaceae
nitrates
Carnobacterium
meat
branched chain fatty acids
Acinetobacter
coagulase negative staphylococci
gamma-Proteobacteria
Enterococcus
starter cultures
conjugated linoleic acid
Staphylococcus
Lactobacillus

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title = "Evolution of indigenous starter microorganisms and physicochemical parameters in spontaneously fermented beef, horse, wild boar and pork salamis produced under controlled conditions",
abstract = "The present work was carried out to evaluate the microbiological and physicochemical composition of salamis produced with the meat of beef, horse, wild boar and pork. Salami productions occurred under controlled laboratory conditions to exclude butchery environmental contaminations, without the addition of nitrate and nitrite. All trials were monitored during the ripening (13 °C and 90{\%} relative humidity) extended until 45 d. The evolution of physicochemical parameters showed that beef and pork salamis were characterized by a higher content of branched chain fatty acids (FA) and rumenic acid than horse and wild boar salamis, whereas the last two productions showed higher values of secondary lipid oxidation. Plate counts showed that lactic acid bacteria (LAB), yeasts and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) populations dominated the microbial community of all productions with Lactobacillus and Staphylococcus as most frequently isolated bacteria. The microbial diversity evaluated by MiSeq Illumina showed the presence of members of Gammaproteobacteria phylum, Moraxellaceae family, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Carnobacterium and Enterococcus in all salamis. This study showed the natural evolution of indigenous fermented meat starter cultures and confirmed a higher suitability of horse and beef meat for nitrate/nitrite free salami production due to their hygienic quality at 30 d.",
keywords = "Fatty acids, Lactic acid bacteria, MiSeq illumina, Physicochemical properties, Spontaneously fermented meat, Staphylococci",
author = "Raimondo Gaglio and Marialetizia Ponte and Adriana Bonanno and Luca Settanni and {Di Gerlando}, Rosalia and Pietro Barbaccia and {Di Grigoli}, Antonino",
year = "2020",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolution of indigenous starter microorganisms and physicochemical parameters in spontaneously fermented beef, horse, wild boar and pork salamis produced under controlled conditions

AU - Gaglio, Raimondo

AU - Ponte, Marialetizia

AU - Bonanno, Adriana

AU - Settanni, Luca

AU - Di Gerlando, Rosalia

AU - Barbaccia, Pietro

AU - Di Grigoli, Antonino

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The present work was carried out to evaluate the microbiological and physicochemical composition of salamis produced with the meat of beef, horse, wild boar and pork. Salami productions occurred under controlled laboratory conditions to exclude butchery environmental contaminations, without the addition of nitrate and nitrite. All trials were monitored during the ripening (13 °C and 90% relative humidity) extended until 45 d. The evolution of physicochemical parameters showed that beef and pork salamis were characterized by a higher content of branched chain fatty acids (FA) and rumenic acid than horse and wild boar salamis, whereas the last two productions showed higher values of secondary lipid oxidation. Plate counts showed that lactic acid bacteria (LAB), yeasts and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) populations dominated the microbial community of all productions with Lactobacillus and Staphylococcus as most frequently isolated bacteria. The microbial diversity evaluated by MiSeq Illumina showed the presence of members of Gammaproteobacteria phylum, Moraxellaceae family, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Carnobacterium and Enterococcus in all salamis. This study showed the natural evolution of indigenous fermented meat starter cultures and confirmed a higher suitability of horse and beef meat for nitrate/nitrite free salami production due to their hygienic quality at 30 d.

AB - The present work was carried out to evaluate the microbiological and physicochemical composition of salamis produced with the meat of beef, horse, wild boar and pork. Salami productions occurred under controlled laboratory conditions to exclude butchery environmental contaminations, without the addition of nitrate and nitrite. All trials were monitored during the ripening (13 °C and 90% relative humidity) extended until 45 d. The evolution of physicochemical parameters showed that beef and pork salamis were characterized by a higher content of branched chain fatty acids (FA) and rumenic acid than horse and wild boar salamis, whereas the last two productions showed higher values of secondary lipid oxidation. Plate counts showed that lactic acid bacteria (LAB), yeasts and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) populations dominated the microbial community of all productions with Lactobacillus and Staphylococcus as most frequently isolated bacteria. The microbial diversity evaluated by MiSeq Illumina showed the presence of members of Gammaproteobacteria phylum, Moraxellaceae family, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Carnobacterium and Enterococcus in all salamis. This study showed the natural evolution of indigenous fermented meat starter cultures and confirmed a higher suitability of horse and beef meat for nitrate/nitrite free salami production due to their hygienic quality at 30 d.

KW - Fatty acids

KW - Lactic acid bacteria

KW - MiSeq illumina

KW - Physicochemical properties

KW - Spontaneously fermented meat

KW - Staphylococci

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/386867

M3 - Article

VL - 87

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

ER -