Evidence for a role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in gastric relaxation of mdx mice

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Abstract

Alterations of gastric mechanical activity have been reported in mdx mouse, animal model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This study examined if alterations in the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) system are present in mdx stomach. Gastric mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes of endoluminal pressure and neurally or pharmacologically evoked relaxations were analysed in mdxvs normal stomach. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to detect inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. Relaxations to sodium nitroprusside in mdx stomach showed no difference in comparison with normal preparations. In normal stomach, VIP produced relaxation, which was reduced by VIP6-28, antagonist of VIP receptors, but was not modified by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), 1-H-oxodiazol-[1,2,4]-[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ) or by N-(3-(aminomethyl)-benzyl)acetamidine (1400W) and aminoguanidine, inhibitors of iNOS. In contrast, in mdx stomach VIP responses were antagonized not only by VIP6-28, but also by L-NAME, ODQ, 1400W or aminoguanidine. In normal stomach, the slow relaxation evoked by stimulation at high frequency was reduced by VIP6-28, but it was unaffected by 1400W or aminoguanidine. In mdx stomach, it was reduced by VIP6-28 or 1400W, which did not show additive effects. iNOS mRNA was expressed only in mdx stomach. The results suggest that in mdx gastric preparations, iNOS is functionally expressed, being involved in the slow relaxation induced by VIP.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)446-454
Numero di pagine9
RivistaNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume18(6)
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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Inbred mdx Mouse
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Stomach
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Quinoxalines
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Nitroprusside
Reverse Transcription
Animal Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

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@article{da43ad9416284eb19c98b95df302e4fc,
title = "Evidence for a role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in gastric relaxation of mdx mice",
abstract = "Alterations of gastric mechanical activity have been reported in mdx mouse, animal model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This study examined if alterations in the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) system are present in mdx stomach. Gastric mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes of endoluminal pressure and neurally or pharmacologically evoked relaxations were analysed in mdxvs normal stomach. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to detect inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. Relaxations to sodium nitroprusside in mdx stomach showed no difference in comparison with normal preparations. In normal stomach, VIP produced relaxation, which was reduced by VIP6-28, antagonist of VIP receptors, but was not modified by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), 1-H-oxodiazol-[1,2,4]-[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ) or by N-(3-(aminomethyl)-benzyl)acetamidine (1400W) and aminoguanidine, inhibitors of iNOS. In contrast, in mdx stomach VIP responses were antagonized not only by VIP6-28, but also by L-NAME, ODQ, 1400W or aminoguanidine. In normal stomach, the slow relaxation evoked by stimulation at high frequency was reduced by VIP6-28, but it was unaffected by 1400W or aminoguanidine. In mdx stomach, it was reduced by VIP6-28 or 1400W, which did not show additive effects. iNOS mRNA was expressed only in mdx stomach. The results suggest that in mdx gastric preparations, iNOS is functionally expressed, being involved in the slow relaxation induced by VIP.",
author = "Salvatore Feo and Zizzo, {Maria Grazia} and Antonella Amato and Flavia Mule' and Serio, {Rosa Maria}",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
volume = "18(6)",
pages = "446--454",
journal = "Neurogastroenterology and Motility",
issn = "1350-1925",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for a role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in gastric relaxation of mdx mice

AU - Feo, Salvatore

AU - Zizzo, Maria Grazia

AU - Amato, Antonella

AU - Mule', Flavia

AU - Serio, Rosa Maria

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Alterations of gastric mechanical activity have been reported in mdx mouse, animal model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This study examined if alterations in the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) system are present in mdx stomach. Gastric mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes of endoluminal pressure and neurally or pharmacologically evoked relaxations were analysed in mdxvs normal stomach. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to detect inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. Relaxations to sodium nitroprusside in mdx stomach showed no difference in comparison with normal preparations. In normal stomach, VIP produced relaxation, which was reduced by VIP6-28, antagonist of VIP receptors, but was not modified by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), 1-H-oxodiazol-[1,2,4]-[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ) or by N-(3-(aminomethyl)-benzyl)acetamidine (1400W) and aminoguanidine, inhibitors of iNOS. In contrast, in mdx stomach VIP responses were antagonized not only by VIP6-28, but also by L-NAME, ODQ, 1400W or aminoguanidine. In normal stomach, the slow relaxation evoked by stimulation at high frequency was reduced by VIP6-28, but it was unaffected by 1400W or aminoguanidine. In mdx stomach, it was reduced by VIP6-28 or 1400W, which did not show additive effects. iNOS mRNA was expressed only in mdx stomach. The results suggest that in mdx gastric preparations, iNOS is functionally expressed, being involved in the slow relaxation induced by VIP.

AB - Alterations of gastric mechanical activity have been reported in mdx mouse, animal model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This study examined if alterations in the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) system are present in mdx stomach. Gastric mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes of endoluminal pressure and neurally or pharmacologically evoked relaxations were analysed in mdxvs normal stomach. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to detect inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. Relaxations to sodium nitroprusside in mdx stomach showed no difference in comparison with normal preparations. In normal stomach, VIP produced relaxation, which was reduced by VIP6-28, antagonist of VIP receptors, but was not modified by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), 1-H-oxodiazol-[1,2,4]-[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ) or by N-(3-(aminomethyl)-benzyl)acetamidine (1400W) and aminoguanidine, inhibitors of iNOS. In contrast, in mdx stomach VIP responses were antagonized not only by VIP6-28, but also by L-NAME, ODQ, 1400W or aminoguanidine. In normal stomach, the slow relaxation evoked by stimulation at high frequency was reduced by VIP6-28, but it was unaffected by 1400W or aminoguanidine. In mdx stomach, it was reduced by VIP6-28 or 1400W, which did not show additive effects. iNOS mRNA was expressed only in mdx stomach. The results suggest that in mdx gastric preparations, iNOS is functionally expressed, being involved in the slow relaxation induced by VIP.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/5161

M3 - Article

VL - 18(6)

SP - 446

EP - 454

JO - Neurogastroenterology and Motility

JF - Neurogastroenterology and Motility

SN - 1350-1925

ER -