Evidence for a link between the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and annual asthma mortality rates in the US

Sergio Bonomo, Giuliana Ferrante, Elisa Palazzi, Fabrizio Lirer, Nicola Pelosi, Sergio Bonomo, Stefania La Grutta, Giovanni Viegi

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Abstract

An association between climatic conditions and asthma mortality has been widely assumed. However, it is unclear whether climatic variations have a fingerprint on asthma dynamics over long time intervals. The aim of this study is to detect a possible correlation between climatic indices, namely the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and asthma mortality rates over the period from 1950 to 2015 in the contiguous US. To this aim, an analysis of non-stationary and non-linear signals was performed on time series of US annual asthma mortality rates, AMO and PDO indices to search for characteristic periodicities. Results revealed that asthma death rates evaluated for four different age groups (5–14 yr; 15–24 yr; 25–34 yr; 35–44 yr) share the same pattern of fluctuation throughout the 1950–2015 time interval, but different trends, i.e. a positive (negative) trend for the two youngest (oldest) categories. Annual asthma death rates turned out to be correlated with the dynamics of the AMO, and also modulated by the PDO, sharing the same averaged ∼44 year-periodicity. The results of the current study suggest that, since climate patterns have proved to influence asthma mortality rates, they could be advisable in future studies aimed at elucidating the complex relationships between climate and asthma mortality.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine12
RivistaScientific Reports
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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