Evaluation of water scarcity energy cost for users

Valeria Puleo, Vincenza Notaro, Goffredo La Loggia, Gabriele Freni, Chiara M. Fontanazza, Vincenza Notaro

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8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

In systems experiencing water scarcity and consequent intermittent supply, usersoften adopt private tanks that collect water during service periods and supply users whenthe service is not available. The tank may be fed by gravity or by private pumping stationsdepending on the network pressure level. Once water resources are collected, the tank cansupply users by gravity if it is located on the rooftop or by additional pumping ifunderground. Private tanks thus increase the energy cost of the water supply service forusers by introducing several small pumping structures inside the network. The presentpaper aims to evaluate this users’ energy cost for different private tank configurations. Areal case study was analysed, and the results showed that intermittent distribution causesinequalities not only in users’ access to water resource but also costs that users have to bearto have access to water.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)220-234
Numero di pagine15
RivistaEnergies
Volume6
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cita questo

Puleo, V., Notaro, V., La Loggia, G., Freni, G., Fontanazza, C. M., & Notaro, V. (2013). Evaluation of water scarcity energy cost for users. Energies, 6, 220-234.