We have shown mouse to be an useful animal model for studies on the estrogen-mediated synthesis and secretion of lipoproteins since, unlike in rats, low density lipoprotein receptors are not upregulated in mice . This results into the elevation of plasma levels of apolipoprotein (apo) B and apoE, and lowering of apoA-I-containing particles. The mechanisms of apoB and apoE elevation by estrogen have been elucidated , but the mechanism of lowering of plasma levels of HDL is still not known. Among other factors, apoA-I, cholesterol ester transfer protein (CEPT), scavenger receptor B1 (SR-B1), and hepatic lipase are potential candidates that modulate plasma levels of HDL. Since estrogen treatment increased hepatic apoA-I mRNA and apoA-I synthesis, and mouse express undetectable levels of CETP, we tested the hypothesis that estradiol-mediated lowering of HDL in mice may occur through modulation of hepatic lipase (HL). Four mouse strains (C57L, C57BL, BALB, C3H) were administered supraphysiological doses of estradiol, and plasma levels of HDL as well as HL mRNA were quantitated. In all 4 strains estradiol decreased plasma levels of HDL by 30%, and increased HL mRNA 2-3 fold. In a separate experiment groups of male C57BL mouse were castrated or sham-operated, and low and high doses of estradiol administered. We found 1.4-2.5 fold elevation of HL mRNA with concomitant lowering of HDL levels. Ten other mouse strains examined also showed estradiol-induced elevation of HL mRNA, but the extent of elevation was found to be strain-specific. Based on these studies, we conclude that hepatic lipase is an important determinant of plasma levels of HDL and that HL mRNA is modulated by estrogen which in turn may participate in the lowering of plasma levels of HDL.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Rivista||Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2001|
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