Background The last Italian prevalence survey on chronic liver diseases (CLD) was performed in 2001. The present study evaluated the changes occurring over thirteen years. Methods We enrolled 2,557 CLD consecutive patients in 16 Italian liver units in 2014. Results HBV etiology accounted for 513 (20.2%) cases, alone in 439 and associated with HCV and/or alcohol abuse in 74. Of these 513, 11.9% were anti-HDV-positive and 7.2% HBeAg-positive. HCV alone was responsible for 50.3% of CLD and with alcohol abuse for 5.9%. HCV RNA was detected in 64.0% of the anti-HCV-positive patients tested. HCV genotyping, performed for 899 patients, showed genotype-1a, 1b, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively in 16.5%, 45.5%, 15.4%, 8.2%, 15.1% and 0.2%. Alcohol abuse alone was responsible for 6.4% of cases and NAFLD/NASH for 6.3%. Liver cirrhosis (p < 0.001) and HCC (p < 0.001) were more frequent in alcoholic than viral etiologies. HCV and alcohol etiologies were more frequent in 2001 than 2014 (from 69.9% to 59.9% and from 23.0% to 12.3%, respectively). HBV showed a similar impact. In all etiologies, the 2001 CLD cases were 10 years younger and with a significantly lower rate of cirrhosis than the 2014 cases. Conclusion The changes in HCV, HBV and alcohol etiologies may help apply more appropriate healthcare strategies.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||Digestive and Liver Disease|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|