Background: The study of the relationship of emotional status and tumor etiology has been investigated in order toelaborate a multifactorial model able to provide an answer integrating the different disciplines on cancer. The aim ofthis work is to investigate the knowledge on the alexithymia construct, exploring the presence of such trait in womenaffected by mammary carcinoma and analyzing the used coping strategies. The study has also examined personalthoughts related to event control (locus of control).Method: The Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced, and Locus of Controlquestionnaires were administered to a group of 86 women aged 31–55 years (mean = 43.7; SD 6.57)—experimentalgroup (N = 44): women with breast cancer diagnosed in the last 6 months; control group (N = 42): women withoutoncologic pathology, referred at the aforementioned institutions to undergo a breast check-up.Results: According to our hypothesis and literature data, a significant presence of alexithymic subjects (36.4% versus2.4%; v2 = 20.9; P < 0.0001) and a tendency to adopt coping strategies not focused on the problem were reportedamong women with mammary carcinoma. This causes incapability to act in order to actively contrast pathology-linkedstress or to lower the effects.Conclusion: Our results indicate that the tendency to repress one’s emotions is associated to some generalschemes of reaction to stress which, when used in a dysfunctional manner (such as the attempt to ignore howthreatening an event is), are maladaptive in the end.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Rivista||Annals of Oncology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2007|
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