Electronic Properties of Thermal Oxides on Ti and Their Influence on Impedance and Photoelectrochemical Behavior of TiO2 Nanotubes

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Abstract

Thermal oxidation of titaniumwas carried out at 350◦C, 450◦C, and 550◦C for 2 h or 12 h.X-rayDiffraction and Raman Spectroscopysuggest that the thermal oxides are scarcely crystallinewhen the annealing temperature is low, while both anatase and rutile are presentfor high annealing temperature and time. Photoelectrochemical measurements allowed estimation of a bandgap decreasing from3.35 eV to 3.15 eV with increasing annealing temperature. The impedance spectra confirmed the formation of n-type semiconductors,with an impedance strongly decreasing on going from a reverse bias toward a forward bias regime. TiO2 nanotubes grown by anodizingTi in NH4F and water containing ethylene glycol solution were annealed at different temperature and for different times. X-rayDiffraction and Raman Spectroscopy proved that rutile is present at the barrier layer beneath the tubular array, while the tubes aremainly constituted by anatase. The incident photon to current conversion efficiency increased by increasing the annealing temperatureand time. The impedance spectra recorded under reverse bias regime for thermal planar oxides and for annealed TiO2 NTs are almostcoincident, confirming that the predominant contribution arises from the barrier layer beneath the tubular array. Only under forwardregime do the tube walls contribute to the measured impedance.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)C113-C120
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume164 (4) C113-C120 (2017)
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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