Electromechanical behavior of carbon nanotubes under traction, bending, torsion and misalignment of the two ends

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Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be metallic or semiconductors depending simply on geometric characteristics [e.g., 1]. This peculiar electronic behavior, combined with high mechanical strength, make them potential building blocks of a new nano-electronic technology. Most discussions of the electronic structure of CNTs assume perfect cylindrical symmetry, but this is somewhat of an oversimplification. High resolution images of CNTs often disclose structural deformations such as bent, twisted, or collapsed tubes. These deformations may develop during growth, deposition, and processing, or upon interaction with other CNTs, and with surfaces and surface features such as electrodes. Deformations break the tube symmetry, and a change in their electronic properties should result. A computationally effective mixed finite element-tight-binding approach [2-7] able to simulate the electromechanical behavior of single and multiwall nanotubes used in nano-electronic devices is presented. The finite element (FE) computes the evolution of atomic coordinates with deformation and provides these coordinates to a tight-binding (TB) code, enabling computation and updating of the electrical conductivity. The TB code is engineered to realize dramatic computational savings in calculating deformation-induced changes in electrical transport properties of the nanotubes. The FE-TB computational approach is successfully validated in a simulation of laboratory experiments which had measured the changes in electrical conductivity of a multiwall carbon nanotube during mechanical deformation. References [1]. J. Bernholc et al, Annu. Rev. Mat. Res. 32 , 347 (2002) [2]. A. Pantano et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 145504 (2003) [3]. A. Pantano et al, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 52, 789 (2004) [4]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Eng. Materials and Technology Trans. ASME 126, 279-284 (2004) [5]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Applied Physics 92, 6756-6760 (2004) [6]. A. Pantano et al, ACS Nano 3, 3266–3272 (2009) [7]. A. Pantano. Chapter of the book “Trends in Computational Nanomechanics: Transcending Length and Time Scales”. Springer , pp. 335-365. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9784-3.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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traction
misalignment
torsion
carbon nanotubes
electronics
nanotubes
tubes
electrical resistivity
symmetry
transport properties
electronic structure
trends
physics
electrodes
high resolution
simulation
interactions

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title = "Electromechanical behavior of carbon nanotubes under traction, bending, torsion and misalignment of the two ends",
abstract = "Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be metallic or semiconductors depending simply on geometric characteristics [e.g., 1]. This peculiar electronic behavior, combined with high mechanical strength, make them potential building blocks of a new nano-electronic technology. Most discussions of the electronic structure of CNTs assume perfect cylindrical symmetry, but this is somewhat of an oversimplification. High resolution images of CNTs often disclose structural deformations such as bent, twisted, or collapsed tubes. These deformations may develop during growth, deposition, and processing, or upon interaction with other CNTs, and with surfaces and surface features such as electrodes. Deformations break the tube symmetry, and a change in their electronic properties should result. A computationally effective mixed finite element-tight-binding approach [2-7] able to simulate the electromechanical behavior of single and multiwall nanotubes used in nano-electronic devices is presented. The finite element (FE) computes the evolution of atomic coordinates with deformation and provides these coordinates to a tight-binding (TB) code, enabling computation and updating of the electrical conductivity. The TB code is engineered to realize dramatic computational savings in calculating deformation-induced changes in electrical transport properties of the nanotubes. The FE-TB computational approach is successfully validated in a simulation of laboratory experiments which had measured the changes in electrical conductivity of a multiwall carbon nanotube during mechanical deformation. References [1]. J. Bernholc et al, Annu. Rev. Mat. Res. 32 , 347 (2002) [2]. A. Pantano et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 145504 (2003) [3]. A. Pantano et al, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 52, 789 (2004) [4]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Eng. Materials and Technology Trans. ASME 126, 279-284 (2004) [5]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Applied Physics 92, 6756-6760 (2004) [6]. A. Pantano et al, ACS Nano 3, 3266–3272 (2009) [7]. A. Pantano. Chapter of the book “Trends in Computational Nanomechanics: Transcending Length and Time Scales”. Springer , pp. 335-365. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9784-3.",
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T1 - Electromechanical behavior of carbon nanotubes under traction, bending, torsion and misalignment of the two ends

AU - Pantano, Antonio

PY - 2011

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N2 - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be metallic or semiconductors depending simply on geometric characteristics [e.g., 1]. This peculiar electronic behavior, combined with high mechanical strength, make them potential building blocks of a new nano-electronic technology. Most discussions of the electronic structure of CNTs assume perfect cylindrical symmetry, but this is somewhat of an oversimplification. High resolution images of CNTs often disclose structural deformations such as bent, twisted, or collapsed tubes. These deformations may develop during growth, deposition, and processing, or upon interaction with other CNTs, and with surfaces and surface features such as electrodes. Deformations break the tube symmetry, and a change in their electronic properties should result. A computationally effective mixed finite element-tight-binding approach [2-7] able to simulate the electromechanical behavior of single and multiwall nanotubes used in nano-electronic devices is presented. The finite element (FE) computes the evolution of atomic coordinates with deformation and provides these coordinates to a tight-binding (TB) code, enabling computation and updating of the electrical conductivity. The TB code is engineered to realize dramatic computational savings in calculating deformation-induced changes in electrical transport properties of the nanotubes. The FE-TB computational approach is successfully validated in a simulation of laboratory experiments which had measured the changes in electrical conductivity of a multiwall carbon nanotube during mechanical deformation. References [1]. J. Bernholc et al, Annu. Rev. Mat. Res. 32 , 347 (2002) [2]. A. Pantano et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 145504 (2003) [3]. A. Pantano et al, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 52, 789 (2004) [4]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Eng. Materials and Technology Trans. ASME 126, 279-284 (2004) [5]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Applied Physics 92, 6756-6760 (2004) [6]. A. Pantano et al, ACS Nano 3, 3266–3272 (2009) [7]. A. Pantano. Chapter of the book “Trends in Computational Nanomechanics: Transcending Length and Time Scales”. Springer , pp. 335-365. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9784-3.

AB - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be metallic or semiconductors depending simply on geometric characteristics [e.g., 1]. This peculiar electronic behavior, combined with high mechanical strength, make them potential building blocks of a new nano-electronic technology. Most discussions of the electronic structure of CNTs assume perfect cylindrical symmetry, but this is somewhat of an oversimplification. High resolution images of CNTs often disclose structural deformations such as bent, twisted, or collapsed tubes. These deformations may develop during growth, deposition, and processing, or upon interaction with other CNTs, and with surfaces and surface features such as electrodes. Deformations break the tube symmetry, and a change in their electronic properties should result. A computationally effective mixed finite element-tight-binding approach [2-7] able to simulate the electromechanical behavior of single and multiwall nanotubes used in nano-electronic devices is presented. The finite element (FE) computes the evolution of atomic coordinates with deformation and provides these coordinates to a tight-binding (TB) code, enabling computation and updating of the electrical conductivity. The TB code is engineered to realize dramatic computational savings in calculating deformation-induced changes in electrical transport properties of the nanotubes. The FE-TB computational approach is successfully validated in a simulation of laboratory experiments which had measured the changes in electrical conductivity of a multiwall carbon nanotube during mechanical deformation. References [1]. J. Bernholc et al, Annu. Rev. Mat. Res. 32 , 347 (2002) [2]. A. Pantano et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 145504 (2003) [3]. A. Pantano et al, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 52, 789 (2004) [4]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Eng. Materials and Technology Trans. ASME 126, 279-284 (2004) [5]. A. Pantano et al, J. of Applied Physics 92, 6756-6760 (2004) [6]. A. Pantano et al, ACS Nano 3, 3266–3272 (2009) [7]. A. Pantano. Chapter of the book “Trends in Computational Nanomechanics: Transcending Length and Time Scales”. Springer , pp. 335-365. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9784-3.

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