Recent researches have demonstrated that electrochemical methods offer an attractive alternative to traditional routes for treating wastewaters containing toxic or/and refractory organic pollutants. The effectiveness of the electrochemical treatment depends on many factors including the presence in solution of specie able to act as mediators. In particular, the effect of chloride ions on the performances of the process has been the object of numerous researches. However, up to now, many practical and theoretical aspects about this argument are not completely clear. In the present work, the anodic incineration of oxalic acid (OA) in the presence of NaCl has been investigated with the aim of studying in a systematic way the influence of numerous parameters, such as the current density, the flow rate, the OA, the NaCl concentrations and the pH on the performances of the process and to individuate the optimal operative conditions. Oxalic acid was chosen as model substrate for its low reactivity toward anodic oxidation, which also results in an incomplete mineralization of more complex organics. Furthermore, the oxidation of this simple molecule does not involve the formation of stable intermediates thus giving rise to a more easy rationalizing of experimental results. Since the effect of NaCl on the process is expected to depend on the nature of the electrodic material, two very different anodes were used: the Ti/IrO2-Ta2O5 which presents a quite low oxygen overpotential and boron doped diamond (BDD) which is probably one of the more promising materials for the electrochemical incineration.
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2008|